Cape Town, South Africa
May 30 to June 3, 2022
With a record attendance of 240+ international delegates from 120 companies based in 35 countries, this conference is the world’s biggest event of the Manganese industry, and the largest IMnI event ever organised!
This event attracted major Manganese ore, alloy and chemical producers, in addition to traders, logistics companies, battery producers and steel mills;
The conference was supported by major sponsors, including Autlán, Cigroup, South32, Tshipi, Transalloys; Manganese Metal Company (MMC), Assore, United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) Kudumane.
The event offered countless networking opportunities, during the Welcome Cocktail at the Westin hotel in Cape Town, during networking lunches, social events and a wine-tasting and gala dinner at Cape Point Vineyards!
Industry experts presented on the latest battery, steel and Manganese trends and opportunities (these presentations are available for IMnI Members on the IMnI extranet, and upon request for non-Members at firstname.lastname@example.org), and a session of the conference was dedicated to Manganese chemicals and Lithium-ion batteries.
More than 130 delegates attended the technical visits of major Manganese operations, including 7 Manganese mines:
- Manganese Metal Company (MMC)
- South32 Mamatwan
- United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK)
- Ore&Metal/Assmang Gloria & Nchwaning
Feedback from the delegates after the event:
- thanks for laying on such an excellent event in very difficult circumstances. Of the three conferences I’ve attended post-COVID, it’s the only one that has been a real success (AlloyConsult)
- A note of thanks to you and your team for organising a most amazing IMnI conference in Cape Town! (Traxys)
- This conference has become the highlight in our annual calendar and I only received very positive feedback from attendees I have spoken to (Assore)
- Congratulations on a top-notch Annual Conference last week—much enjoyed from start to finish. Excellent sessions and a wonderful crowd (International Institute of Strategic Studies)
For information, please email us at email@example.com
IMnI 46th Annual Conference was held at the Westin Hotel Cape Town on May 30 – June 3, 2022. The theme was : “South Africa at crossroads: diversified Manganese producer, or China’s mine?”.
Jason R. Croy
Dr. Croy is the Group Leader for the Materials Research Group at Argonne National Laboratory, USA. The group focuses on the design, synthesis, and characterization of high-energy, lithium-ion electrode materials. Dr. Croy also leads a consortium for the U.S. Department of Energy consisting of ~50 individual researchers across five U.S. national laboratories. The program, called Earth-Abundant Cathode Materials (EaCAM), is aimed at enabling next-generation, sustainable cathodes solutions with an emphasis on the use of earth-abundant elements such as manganese. Dr. Croy received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Central Florida, USA. Jason R. Croy – Croy 博士是美国阿贡国家实验室材料研究组的组长。他领导的小组专注于高能锂离子电极材料的设计、合成和特性。Croy 博士还领导美国能源部下的一个研究团体，该团体由来自五个美国国家实验室的约 50 名科研人员组成。 他们的联合研究计划被称为“地球储量丰富的正极材料 (EaCAM)”，旨在实现下一代可持续正极材料解决方案，重点研究方向是能使用锰等地球储量丰富的元素作为电池材料。 Croy 博士拥有美国中佛罗里达大学的物理学博士学位。
Simon Freemantle is a Senior Political Economist in Standard Bank’s global research team. Having joined Standard Bank in 2008 Simon first spent 2 years working from the bank’s Nairobi office as an East African Economist. In his current role, Simon is the bank’s dedicated South Africa political economist, primarily serving both the local and international corporate and institutional investor communities. For the past seven years (2015 - 2021) Simon has been ranked 1st in South Africa in the Political Analysis category of the Financial Mail’s annual Ranking the Analysts Awards; while in 2010 Simon also led a team which was ranked 1st in the Other African Economies and Markets category. Simon has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Law as well as Honours in International Studies (cum laude), and a Master’s degree in International Relations from the University of Stellenbosch and the University of Amsterdam. Simon has also completed short courses at the London School of Economics and has given a course on SA’s political economy to an executive MBA class at the Gordon Institute of Business Science. Simon has presented on SA and African political economy topics at Columbia Business School; Oxford University’s African Studies Centre; Chatham House (London); the Council for Foreign Relations (New York); and the New York University Stern School of Business. In September 2015 Simon delivered a talk at TEDx (Stellenbosch) on the rising demographic, urbanization and communication trends in Africa. Simon Freemantle 目前就职于渣打银行，是银行全球研究团队的资深政治经济学家。 Simon于 2008 年加入渣打银行，首先在内罗毕办事处工作了 2 年，担任东非经济学家。在目前的职位上，西蒙是渣打的南非政治经济学家，主要为当地和国际企业，以及相关机构投资群体提供服务。在过去七年（2015 - 2021 年）中，西蒙在《Financial Mail》年度分析师排名奖中，获得政治分析类别中南非境内的第一名。在 2010 年，西蒙还领导他的团队获得了其他非洲经济体和市场类别中的第一名。 Simon 拥有法学学士学位和国际关系研究荣誉学位（优等生），以及斯泰伦博斯大学和阿姆斯特丹大学的国际关系硕士学位。西蒙在伦敦经济学院完成了相关短期课程，并在戈登商业科学研究所的行政 MBA项目中开设了一门关于南非政治经济学的课程。 Simon曾在在很多重要场合就南非和非洲政治经济主题发表演讲：哥伦比亚商学院，牛津大学非洲研究中心，查塔姆大厦（伦敦），外交关系委员会（纽约），和纽约大学斯特恩商学院。 2015 年 9 月，Simon还登上了 TEDx (Stellenbosch) ，发表关于非洲人口增长、城市化和交通趋势的演讲。
Kevin Fowkes has 24 years’ experience working as an economist and consultant in the ferroalloy industry.
From 2007 to 2009, Kevin Fowkes was a business development manager in the metals division of Privat Group. Before that he was the senior market analyst for the Norwegian ferroalloy group Elkem, and a consultant for Hatch Beddows and CRU International. Since 2009, Kevin has run AlloyConsult, his own company, which provides bespoke consulting services to the ferroalloy industry.
Kevin Fowkes is a graduate of the London School of Economics.凯文·福克斯是一位有24年从业经验的铁合金行业内的经济学者和咨询顾问。 在2007年至2009年期间，凯文·福克斯在Privat Group的金属部门担任业务发展经理，在此之前，他曾是挪威铁合金集团埃肯（Elkem）的高级市场分析员，并做过Hatch Beddows和CRU国际的咨询顾问。自2009年后，凯文创办了他自己的公司合金咨询（AlloyConsult），为铁合金行业提供定制的咨询服务。 凯文·福克斯毕业于伦敦政经学院。
Dr. Agnieszka Leopold holds a Master of Science in Engineering in Chemical Technology from the Poznan University of Technology in Poznan, Poland and a PhD degree in Chemical Process Engineering from the Technical University of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain. She has an extensive knowledge of the world of chemistry gained having worked in the following fields: research and development in chemical engineering, chemical products safety and regulatory affairs compliance, intellectual property (patents, trademarks, confidential agreements) in chemistry. Agnieszka Leopold 博士在波兰波兹南理工大学获得化学技术科学工程师硕士学位，随后在西班牙巴塞罗那加泰罗尼亚理工大学获得化学工艺工程博士学位。 她在化学领域拥有相当广泛的知识，并具有丰富的从业经验，包括在化学工程研发、化学产品安全和法规事务合规、化工行业中的知识产权（专利、商标、保密协议）等方面。
Rocklin Reed joined the Ore & Metal Company in 2017 as the Group’s Senior Manager for Safety, Health, Environment, Risk & Quality (SHERQ). Initially studying and qualifying in the fields of Analytical Chemistry and Safety Management, Rocklin has fulfilled various HSE Specialist, Project and Leadership roles within BHP Billiton (Aluminium) and Rio Tinto (Titanium and Heavy Minerals) over a period of 21 years. Rocklin also currently serves as the IMnI HSE Committee Chairperson.
Teboho is a Senior Research Analyst at Wood Mackenzie and is focused on manganese and chromium research within the Steel Alloy Markets team. He is an experienced mining and metals professional and has been an active participant in this industry since 2014. During this time, he gained deep multi-commodity experience covering many of the raw materials that will be key to the energy transition. In addition to market research and analysis, he has also been responsible developing and maintaining cost models in collaboration with Wood Mackenzie asset cost teams. His role includes co-authoring consultancy studies and presenting research at international conferences.
International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Mr Song is the Secretary for the Sub-Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers (CCC), which is the key international body, dealing with cargo related issues including solid bulk cargoes (International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code), bulk gas cargoes, dangerous goods, and containers. Mr Song is also dealing with maritime regulations related to alternative fuels, under the framework of the International Code of Safety for Ship Using Gases or Other Low-flashpoint Fuels (IGF Code), in particular with the implementation of IMO 2020 sulphur limit (1 January 2020 entry into force of the new global sulphur limit of 0.5 per cent for ships’ fuel oil).国际海事组织（IMO）是联合国的一个专门机构。宋先生是其船舶集装箱运输委员会（CCC）秘书。该委员会是一个重要的国际机构，主要负责固体散装货物（《固体散装货物规则》）、气体散装货物、危险物品和集装箱相关议题。宋先生主要负责在《国际船舶使用燃气或低燃点燃油安全章程》（IGF）框架下与可替代燃料相关的海洋法规，特别是关于IMO 2020限硫令的执行（新规定要求自2020年1月1日起，全球船舶燃油含硫量下降至0.5%）。
Michael M. Thackeray
Michael Thackeray was born in Pretoria, South Africa in 1949. He was educated at Waterkloof House Preparatory School (WHPS), Michaelhouse high school, and the University of Cape Town where, in 1977, he received his PhD degree in Chemistry. Thackeray is a materials chemist who has contributed to advancing battery science and technology over a lifelong career at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa (1973-1993) and at Argonne National Laboratory in the United States (1994-), where he is currently an Argonne Emeritus Scientist and Distinguished Fellow. His research studies and understanding of structure-electrochemical relationships have led to the discovery, design and development of new or improved electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries that now command a multi-billion dollar industry. He is Honorary Chairman of the International Battery Association (IBA), serving as President (1999-2002), Chairman (2015-2017) and a Board member for more than 25 years. He served as Director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC), the Center for Electrical Energy Storage (CEES-I, 2009-2014), and as Deputy Director of the renewed Center, the Center for Electrochemical Energy Science (CEES-II, 2014-2018). Thackeray is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors, the Electrochemical Society (USA) and the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study in South Africa. He has presented the results of his research widely across the globe, and he has been the recipient of several notable awards and honours. Michael Thackeray 于 1949 年出生于南非比勒陀利亚。他曾在 Waterkloof House 就读预科学校 (WHPS)、在Michaelhouse 就读高中、随后进入开普敦大学学习并于 1977 年获得化学博士学位。 Thackeray 是一名材料化学家，他在南非科学与工业研究委员会 (CSIR) (1973-1993) 和美国阿贡国家实验室 (1994-至今) 的漫长职业生涯中为推进电池科学和技术做出了巨大的贡献。他目前是阿贡实验室的名誉科学家和杰出研究员。他的研究成果和其对结构-电化学关系的理解，促使了人们发现、设计和开发或改进了锂离子电池电极材料，这些材料现在支撑起了数十亿美元的产业。他担任国际电池协会（IBA）名誉主席，主席（1999-2002）、董事长（2015-2017）和董事会成员超过25年。他曾任美国能源部能源前沿研究中心（EFRC）、电能存储中心（CEES-I，2009-2014）主任，以及在新的电化学能源科学中心担任副主任（ CEES-II，2014-2018）。Thackeray 是美国国家工程院院士、美国国家发明家学院院士、电化学学会（美国）和南非斯泰伦博斯高等研究院的院士。他的研究成果在全球范围内得到了广泛的认可和应用，他也收获了多项著名奖项和荣誉。
Steven Vercammen is a knowledge expert in McKinsey & Company’s Belgium Office. Since he joined in 2004, he has worked on steel and steel value chain related projects (carbon and stainless steel). Whilst early on focusing on operational improvement, market analysis (supply/demand) and technical benchmarking, in recent years Steven has specialized in sustainability topics related to the steel industry. As part of the global steel industry dynamics knowledge, Steven is the global expert on steel metallics dynamics covering scrap supply, demand and pricing evolution and decarbonization. In addition, Steven is global research leader for steel and metals in general, responsible for proprietary knowledge assets linked to cost curves, demand, supply, capital markets and overall market dynamics. Some of Steven’s recent metallics an decarbonisation experiences include:
- Author of 2 “China scrap” with papers covering 10-15 year outlook of China steel industry and the importance of scrap (industry structure, scrap availability and profitability) within the Chinese restructuring efforts to reduce steel capacity and shift from BOF to EAF.
- China scrap-recycling industry overview: industry size and structure, performance and profitability and the effect of scrap prices on supply with deep-dive on scrap pricing mechanisms and minimum price levels.
- Country specific scrap availability dynamics and future dependence on import: Top down assessment of future steel demand and production and the countries scrap needs combined with local availability and recycling efficiency.
- EAF bottom up cost modelling for NAFTA region assessing the operational practices and VIU considerations for different metallic inputs as main cost driver for profitability assessment.
- Scrap strategy for integrated steelmaker in the America’s
- In depth analysis of short/long term future global metallics market (scrap/DRI) for steelmaking.
- Decarbonisation framework for the steel industry, pathways to a carbon neutral steel industry assessing operational cost and long term investment capex plans.
- Detailed modelling of carbon footprint for integrated steel mills covering scope 1, 2 and 3.
- Assessing the future mid to long term options for Europe’s carbon emission ambitions combining scrap optimization, biomass usage and alternative iron making technologies.
- 美国综合钢铁制造商的废钢策略：深入分析对钢铁生产而言短期/长期全球金属市场（废钢/ DRI）前景。
Robert Ward is Director of Geo-economics & Strategy and Japan Chair at The International Institute for Strategic Studies, one of the world’s leading authorities on global security, political risk and conflict.
Before joining the IISS in 2019, Robert was the Editorial Director at The Economist Intelligence Unit where he led the EIU’s country, industry and data analysis and forecasting teams. Robert joined the Economist Group in 1997.
After graduating from Cambridge University in 1989, Robert went to Japan where he lived and worked until 1996. Robert also studied in the Soviet Union in 1986.罗伯特·沃德（Robert Ward）是国际战略研究所(IISS)地域经济与战略及日本研究组总监。IISS是世界一流研究机构，重点研究全球安全、政治风险与冲突。 在2019年加入IISS前，罗伯特在经济学人智库担任编辑总监，领导国家行业和数据分析及预测团队。罗伯特在1997年加入经济学人集团。 1989年从剑桥大学毕业后，罗伯特前往日本工作生活直到1996年。1986年罗伯特曾到苏联进行学习。
B Com: Economics Honours (International Trade and Finance) London Business School: Finance Insead AMP Rorie started his career in Investment Banking, joining the Standard Bank Group as part of the Investment Banking and Investment Banking Coverage teams focusing on Telecoms and Media across African and other emerging markets, with a key focus on M&A, debt and financing options in various jurisdictions. In 2010 Rorie spent a year in London with Standard Bank Plc in Investment Banking Coverage. In 2011 Rorie joined Assore Limited (Assore) as part of the Iron Ore Team. Rorie was appointed Managing Director for the marketing business in 2018, predominantly looking after Manganese Ore and Alloys. Rorie has recently been appointed Chairman of CatoRidge Alloys, one of the Assmang JV operations and a non-executive director for the Assore International operations, Assore International Holdings ( AIH) based in the UK. 国际运营董事总经理： Ore & Metal Company Limited （隶属Assore 集团） 经济学学士学位，并或者本科学士荣誉学位 （国际贸易与金融） 伦敦商学院金融专业 欧洲工商管理学院：高级管理项目 Rorie 的职业生涯始于投资银行，于2010年在伦敦作为管培生加入渣打银行，负责投资银行业务。后作为投资银行和投资银行客户覆盖团队的一员就职于渣打银行集团，专注于非洲和其他新兴市场的电信和媒体，重点关注各个司法管辖区的并购、债务和融资选择。 2011 年，Rorie 加入 Assore Limited (Assore)，成为集团内铁矿石团队的一员。 Rorie 于 2018 年被任命为市场营销业务董事总经理，主要负责锰矿和合金。 Rorie 最近被任命为 CatoRidge Alloys 的董事长，该公司是 Assmang 合资企业之一，他也是 Assore International 公司的非执行董事，Assore International Holdings (AIH) 位于英国。
Aloys d’Harambure is the Executive Director of the International Manganese Institute, the Paris-based organisation representing the global manganese industry. Aloys joined the IMnI in 2014, as Market Research Manager, focusing on analysing the supply and demand fundamentals of the manganese business. He is a graduate from Montreal business school HEC, where he specialised in market intelligence. Prior to joining the IMnI, he was Business Analyst at the International Chromium Development Association (ICDA). Aloys is a regular speaker at metal and mineral industry events, and other conferences worldwide.Aloys d'Harambure是国际锰协的执行董事，国际锰协是全球锰行业的代表，坐落于巴黎。Aloys在2014年加入国际锰协，担任市场调查经理，专注于分析锰业的供需基本面。他毕业于蒙特利尔高等商学院，专门从事市场情报工作。在加入国际锰协之前，他是国际铬发展协会（ICDA）的商业分析师。Aloys经常在金属和矿产行业项目以及全球其他会议上发表演讲。
AUTLÁN is a Mexican company engaged in several markets of MANGANESE and ENERGY, among other industrial sectors. The company was founded in 1953 and has been recognized as a reliable supplier because of its high-quality products and commercial service. Regarding manganese, Autlán is the largest producer of manganese ferroalloys in the Americas, the most important producer of manganese ore in North and Central America and one of the few producers of Alkaline EMD in the western world. Autlán is focused on fulfilling the manganese needs from the steel industry as well as the specialized manganese requirements from the alkakine & dry battery, ceramic and micronutrient producers. The company owns three manganese mining units and three ferroalloy plants in Mexico, as well as an EMD plant in Spain.墨西哥Autlán公司成立于1953年，涉及锰，能源等工业部门。公司凭借优质产品和商业服务获得业内广泛认可，是市场上一家值得信赖的供应商。就锰而言，Autlán是美洲最大的锰铁合金生产商，是北美和中美洲最重要的锰矿生产商，也是西方世界为数不多的几个碱性二氧化锰生产商之一。Autlán 专注于满足钢铁行业的锰需求，以及碱性电池和干电池、陶瓷和微量营养素生产商对锰物质的特殊需求。 该公司在墨西哥拥有三个锰矿单元和三个铁合金工厂，以及在西班牙的一个二氧化锰工厂。
Assore is a mining holding company engaged principally in ventures involving base minerals and metals. The company was incorporated in 1950 and its shares are listed on the JSE Securities Exchange (JSE) under “Assore” in the general mining sector until 2020 when they delisted.
The group’s principal investment is a 50% interest in Assmang Proprietary Limited (Assmang) which it controls jointly with African Rainbow Minerals Limited (ARM). The group, through its various joint-venture entities and subsidiary companies, is involved in the mining of iron, manganese and chrome ores together with other industrial minerals and the production of manganese alloys. The group is also responsible for marketing all products produced by the Assore and Assmang groups, the bulk of which is exported and the remainder either used in the group’s beneficiation processes or sold locally.Assore成立于1950年，是一家矿业控股公司，主要涉及基础矿产和金属项目的投资。该公司早先在约翰内斯堡证券交易所（JSE）上市，名称为Assore，属于综合矿业板块，直到2020年退市。 该公司和非洲彩虹矿业有限公司 (ARM) 共同控股Assmang公司，其中Assore所占的的股权比例为50%。该集团通过其各种合资公司和子公司从事铁、锰和铬矿以及其他工业矿物的开采以及锰合金的生产业务。该集团还负责销售 Assore 和 Assmang 集团生产的所有产品，其中大部分产品都用于出口，其余供集团内部选矿使用或者直接在当地销售。
Manganese Metal Company (MCC) produces the purest (99.9%) form of manganese metal available in the world today. We are the world’s most experienced, largest, and most reliable supplier of selenium-free electrolytic manganese metal (EMM). We are a proudly South African owned company and one of only two EMM makers outside China.
Long-term supply relationships, high quality products and reliability of supply are pivotal to our success. More than 90% of output is exported, with on-site container loading and an in-house logistics function. MMC’s EMM in flake or powder format is sold into various high purity applications in the steel, aluminium, welding, and Li-ion battery industries. Our customer base spans more than 100 customers in over 20 countries.
MMC is set for long term sustainability in terms of access to raw materials, process technology and ESG compliance, including a world class residue disposal facility. The hydrometallurgical process includes ore milling, roasting, leaching, purification and electrowinning. The plant is a unique, closed-loop continuous operation with the world’s largest series circuit EMM cell house.金属锰公司 (MMC)生产目前世界上纯度最高的金属锰(99.9%)。我们是世界上经验最丰富、规模最大、最可靠的无硒电解锰供应商(ElMn)。同时，我们是一家南非人自己管理的公司、是南非境内唯一、以及中国境外唯二的无硒电解锰生产商之一。 长期合作关系、高质量的产品、可靠的供应以及与不同行业客户一对一直接联系是我们成功的关键。我们有经验丰富的市场营销团队，专注于客户服务，并提供整个物流方案和靠近市场的仓储以及技术支持。 金属锰公司 (MMC) 致力于长期可持续发展，涉及方面包括原材料、流程技术和HSE（健康、安全和环境）合规。随着世界范围内需求不断增加以及电解金属锰生产增长，我们很自豪一直是行业内最稳定的高品质电解锰供应商。
South32 is a globally diversified mining and metals company. We produce bauxite, alumina, aluminium, metallurgical coal, manganese, nickel, silver, lead and zinc at our operations in Australia, Southern Africa and South America. With a focus on growing our base metals exposure, we also have two development options in North America and several partnerships with junior explorers around the world.South 32公司是一家全球多元化的金属矿业公司，工厂遍及澳大利亚、非洲南部和南美洲，主要业务是生产铝土矿、氧化铝、铝、焦煤、锰、镍、银、铅和锌。公司十分注重增加他们的基本金属资产敞口，在北美还有拥有两个待开发选项，同时与世界各地的初级勘探公司建立了友好的合作伙伴关系。
Transalloys is a well-recognized supplier of silicomanganese globally, and the only silicomanganese producer in South Africa. The production plant is situated 14 km west of eMalahleni (Witbank) and approximately 90 km east of Pretoria, in the Mpumalanga Province. Manganese ore used in the production process comes from the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, which is known to contain 75% of the world’s identified manganese ore reserves.
The company was established in 2007 when the Renova Group, a Russian diversified investment holding, acquired the plant. Under Renova’s strategic leadership and as a result of the concerted effort by the Transalloys’ management team and the employees, the productivity and output of the plant were increased by 50% without the addition of any additional smelting capacity. The plant has the capacity to produce approximately 180 000 tonnes of silicomanganese per annum. In 2018 Renova divested 51% of its interest in Transalloys to Israeli and Swiss investors.
The plant itself dates back to the mid-1960’s when the first two furnaces were built. Currently, there are 5 submerged arc furnaces, with capacity ranging between 22 and 48 MVA. Transalloys has completed the construction and commissioning of a UHT oxygen blown converter during Q3 of 2020,Typically, one of the SiMn furnaces is periodically converted to HCFeMn production, which serves as feedstock to the converter for conversion to MCFeMn, which is then produced on a campaign basis.
The standard grade silicomanganese contains a minimum of 16.5% of silicon, 65 to 67% of manganese and a maximum of 2% carbon. Medium carbon ferromanganese contains a minimum of 80 % manganese, less than 1.5 % carbon and less than 1.0 % silicon.Transalloys 是一家在全球范围内获得认可的硅锰生产商，也是南非唯一的硅锰生产商。其工厂位于普马兰加省境内，在eMalahleni (Witbank)以西14公里、Pretoria以东90公里处。生产所用的锰矿主要来自北开普省，该区域内锰矿总量占全球已探明锰矿储量的75%。 公司成立于2007年。当时俄罗斯多元投资公司Renova集团收购了该工厂。在Renova公司战略领导，及Transalloys管理团队和员工的不懈努力下，该工厂在没有额外增加冶炼产能的情况下实现了生产率和产量双双50%的增长。目前该工厂可生产18万吨硅锰。2018年，Renova集团出售了其在Transalloys公司51%的股份给以色列和瑞士的投资者。 公司工厂的历史可以追溯到上世纪60年代中期，那时建造了两个初代的熔炉。一直发展到如今工厂拥有5个矿热炉，产量在 22 至 48 MVA 之间。Transalloys 已在 2020 年第三季度完成了超高温吹氧转炉的建设和调试。通常情况下，其中一台硅锰炉会定期转换去生产高碳锰铁，并作为转炉的原料，用于中碳锰铁的生产。后者的生产活动是按照批次进行的。 标准级硅锰硅含量最低为 16.5%，锰含量为 65% 至 67%，碳含量最高为 2%。中碳锰铁至少含有 80% 的锰、低于 1.5% 的碳和低于 1.0% 的硅。
Tshipi é Ntle Manganese Mining Proprietary Limited is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language.
Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally.
Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body with a currently confirmed life of mine reserve of approximately 30 years.Tshipi é Ntle是一家由黑人锰矿生产商独立运作和管理的锰矿开采有限公司。在当地茨瓦纳语中，Tshipi é Ntle意为美丽的钢铁。Tshipi不仅是南非最大的单一锰矿开采商和出口商，也是全球五大锰矿出口商之一。该公司位于卡拉哈里锰矿区，该区域被认为拥有全球最大的锰矿组。Tshipi Borwa矿是在一个单一大型矿体上进行露天开采，已确认的开采寿命为30年。
United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Kalahari manganese fields are regarded as the largest manganese ore deposit globally. Established in 2005, UMK is 51% black owned and is the 4th largest manganese exporter in South Africa. In 2018 the mineral resources were estimated at 607mt with 200mt in measured and indicated categories. Mineral Reserves for Open Pit Mining are estimated at 112mt that provides a life of Open Pit Mine of more than 30 years.卡拉哈里联合锰业（UMK）是一家南非矿业公司，在南非北开普省John Taole Gaetsewe区的卡拉哈里锰矿区开展业务。卡拉哈里锰矿区被认为是全球最大的锰矿床。该公司成立于2005年，是一家51%黑人控股的公司，是南非第四大锰矿出口商。2018年该公司矿产资源估计为6.07亿吨，其中实测和指示类矿产2亿吨。露天矿的矿产储量估计为1.12亿吨，开采寿命超过30年。
Assmang - Black Rock Mine Operations (BRMO) is one of two underground manganese ore mine operations in South Africa, mining both oxide and semi-carbonate ores.
Mining operations began in 1940, at the Black Rock hillock, and subsequently expanded to the Nchwaning mines and Gloria mine in the Northern Cape. Gloria (commissioned in 1975) and producing medium grade semi-carbonate ore. Nchwaning 2 and Nchwaning 3 (commissioned in 1981 and 2004 respectively) and producing various grades of high grade oxide ore. BRMO is currently producing 4.2 million tons per annum, the majority of which is exported.
Assmang’s well-established cooperation with Transnet in terms of the railway and port networks, makes it one of the most distinguished exporters in the world. Cargo is predominantly railed to Port Elizabeth and Saldanha Bay for export.
IMnI visitors will see the following:
- Underground mining operations of Nchwaning 3, part of the Nchwaning Mine
- Underground mining operations of Gloria mine
- Gloria 矿山地下采矿运营
The Kalagadi Manganese Mine is situated West of Hotazel, off the R31 Road, Northern Cape. The mine is constituted out of three contiguous farms namely, Umtu 281, Olive Pan 282 and Gama 283, making a total area of 6300ha. It is a mechanised trackless board and pillar mine. This mine complex comprises the shaft complex, the ore preparation plant, sinter plant and bulk infrastructure. The mine has the capacity to produce 3million tonnes of manganese ore at a grade of 36-38% manganese and sinter at a grade of 44% - 48%.
Key buildings on the mine complex above the shafts which serve mining operations and underground plant are:
Administration building, substations, workshops, refuge bays, conveyor belts, water pumps, winder gear, etc. The mine shaft winder house (machinery control room) containing cables, sinter plant / furnace, ore preparation plant, explosive storage, railway operations (the mine has 23km of its own track), power line of 132kV (property of Eskom) / substation of 40MVA, administration office building, 9 x 800KW Generators, multiple transformers, staff canteen, 2 x 60000L diesel tanks, water reservoir of 17 million liters, a maintenance workshops, sprinkler pump house, the staff accommodation and canteen block and the main security office at the front gate.
The Underground Mine
The shaft complex consists of two vertical shafts, the main shaft and the ventilation shaft. The main shaft is 9m in diameter, reaching a depth of 350m below surface. The ventilation shaft is 6m in diameter, reaching a depth of 317m. The two shafts are joined at the production level (281m) and the loading level (317m). The shallow depth means that there is lower seismic risk and lower rock temperatures that do not require refrigerated ventilation.
The main function of the shaft is the hoisting of workers, material and ore. The ventilation shaft is used for return ventilation and serves as an emergency exit.
Ore Processing Plant (the largest Mn sintering plant in the world)
The ore is processed through the ore preparation plant preparing the feed for the sinter plant. The ore is fed from the Ore Preparation plant through conveyor belts.
Kalagadi beneficiate the ore to produce 2.4 million tonnes of sintered manganese at a grade of 44-48% manganese. The difference between the sintered output tonnage and the 3 million tons of ROM ore is essentially the CO2 and moisture that is driven off from the Manganese Ore, which upgrades the Manganese content of the Ore.
Kalagadi sells its sinter product on both the South African and International market.
Roads and the Railway load out station
The site has a constructed 9.5km access road linking to the R31 main road, a Rapid Rail Load Out station and an electrified rail spur to ensure the efficient loading of bulk load trains and access to the main Hotazel Port Elizabeth Rail Corridor.
The mine has a 2 x 132kV Power Line from Sishen to the Umtu Complex and the Sub-station, and an 11km water pipeline to the Sishen / Blackrock / Sedibeng water supply line. We have a 6km rolled out fibre network.The mine started production of the Manganese Ore in March 2018 with the plant being operated 24/7 throughout the week, with written permission to operate on Sundays. It is capacitated through a team of just over 960 Kalagadi permanent staff members. 简介 Kalagadi锰矿位于霍塔泽尔（Hotazel）以西，北开普省R31公路旁。该矿由三个相邻的农场组成，即Umtu 281，Olive Pan 282和Gama 283，总面积为6300公顷。这是一个机械化的无轨板柱矿。该矿场包括竖井，选矿厂，烧结厂和基础设施。该矿山产能可达300万吨锰矿石，品位为36-38％锰，烧结矿品位为 44％-48％。 基础设施 竖井上方矿山综合体中用于采矿和地下工厂的主要设施有： 行政大楼、变电所、车间、避难所、传送带、水泵、卷取机等。 包含电缆的矿井卷取机房（机械控制室）、烧结厂/熔炉、选矿厂、炸药库、铁路运输（ 矿有近 20 公里自己的轨道），132kV 电力线（为Eskom 资产）/40MVA 变电站，9 x 1000KW 发电机，多台变压器，员工食堂，2 x 6万升柴油罐，1700 万升水库 、维修车间、洒水泵房、员工宿舍和员工餐厅以及位于入口处的主要安全办公室。 地下矿井 竖井综合体由两个竖井组成，即主轴和通风井。 主轴直径9m，深度达地表以下350m。 通风井直径6m，深度317m。 两个竖井在生产层 (281m) 和装载层 (317m) 处衔接。 较浅的深度意味着较低的地震风险和较低的岩石温度，不需要冷藏通风设施。 竖井的主要功能是升降作业人员、物料和矿石。 通风井用于回风，并作紧急出口备用。 选矿厂（世界上最大的锰烧结厂） 矿石经过选矿厂加工，为烧结厂准备进料。矿石通过传送带进入选矿厂。 烧结厂 Kalagadi 对矿石进行选矿，以生产 240 万吨烧结锰，锰品位为 44-46%。烧结产出吨位与 300 万吨原矿的主要差异在于烧结后锰矿中的二氧化碳含量和湿度减少，提高了锰矿品位。 Kalagadi 在南非和国际市场上销售其烧结矿。 公路和铁路卸货站 该矿址有一条连接R31主干道的9.5公里长的通道，一个快速铁路卸货站和一个电气化铁路支线，以确保散装列车高效装载和通往Hotazel伊丽莎白港主铁路走廊。 其他基础设施 该矿有一条从锡申（Sishen）到乌姆图（Umtu）综合电站和变电站的2 x 132kV电力线，以及一条通往锡申（Sishen）/黑岩（Blackrock）/塞迪本（Sedibeng）供水管线的11公里输水管道，同时还有一个6公里的光纤网络。 该矿山于2018年3月开始生产锰矿，全天24小时运营，周末无休，并获得了周日开工的准许文件。960 名的终身员工组成的团队为该矿山提供运营支持。
Kudumane Manganese Resources (KMR) is one of South Africa’s newer manganese mining company situated in Hotazel. Mining operations officially launched in May 2012 with 100 000 tons of bulk sampling. Current annual manganese production is about 2 million tons from York and Hotazel operations.The operation consists of two open-pit mines, York and Hotazel, a processing plant and various support infrastructure. Production is supported by a Loadout Station with a loading capacity of more than 4 million tons. IMnI visitors will see the following:
- Internal rail and automated rapid LOAD-OUT Station infrastructure where Transnet wagons and road haul trucks are loaded
- Crushing of the ROM ore.
- The open pit mine operations
- Dense Medium Separation
- Sinter process
United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Kalahari manganese fields are regarded as the largest manganese ore deposit globally.Established in 2005, UMK is 51% black owned and is the 4th largest manganese exporter in South Africa. UMK is a long-life asset containing both opencast and underground resources in excess of 100 years. 卡拉哈里联合锰业 (UMK) 是一家南非矿业公司，在南非北开普省John Taole Gaetsewe区的卡拉哈里锰矿区开展采矿业务。卡拉哈里锰矿区被认为是全球最大的锰矿床。 公司成立于2005年，是一家51%黑人控股的公司，同时也是南非第四大锰矿出口商。 公司拥有的矿产资源非常长寿，其中包括了可以开采超过100年的露天和地下资源。
The Tshipi mining right application was approved in 2010 and after a 20-month construction and commissioning phase, Tshipi Borwa Mine railed and exported its first manganese ore.
Tshipi is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language.
Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally.
Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body with a currently confirmed life of mine reserve of approximately 30 years.
Tshipi has an established and efficient export infrastructure, including a 8km private rail siding loop, and one of the fastest load-out stations in the Kalahari region with direct access to the Transnet rail link and ports in South Africa.
The mine operates through drill-and-blast and load-and-haul mining techniques. At the start of the mining process, the top soil is removed and stockpiled in a separate area for later use during the rehabilitation phase.
The various layers of the Kalahari formation are removed, followed by the harder banded ironstone, dolomite and manganese layers which are part of the Hotazel formation. Once exposed, the manganese ore is drilled, blasted and loaded onto a truck and hauled to the Company’s primary crusher which forms part of the processing facilities.
The Mine is operated in terms of a contractor-operator model, which has allowed it to become one of the lowest cost manganese ore exporters globally and a flexibly scaled production process in response to manganese ore price volatilities and market conditions.
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Alfred H Knight
Amar Ferro Alloys Ltd.
AMG Group Pty Ltd.
Argonne National Laboratory
Asia Minerals South Africa (Pty) Limited
BDG Metal & Power Ltd
Borman Specialty Materials
Carbon Resources Pvt. Ltd.
Charisma Resources Limited
CRU Group International
Eramet Marketing Services
Felman Trading Americas, Inc.
Ferromax/Nordic Elements AB
Full Comex Trading SA/Bolt Mineração
GfE-MIR Alloys and Minerals (Pty) Ltd
Glencore International AG
Glencore South Africa
Helvetia Resources AG
Hira Electro Smelters Ltd
Ilanga Le Mvelo Trading & Investments (Pty) Ltd.
Industrial Development Corporation
Innovation Worldwide DMCC
International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS)
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Jupiter Mines Limited
Kalagadi Manganese (Pty) Ltd
Kalahari Minerals Marketing AG
Kudumane Manganese Resources (Pty) Ltd
Manganese Metal Company
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Maringá Ferro Liga S.A.
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McCloskey by OPIS
McKinsey & Company
MDZ Fleet Solutions (Pty) Ltd
Medi Carrier Private Limited
Menar Capital (Pty) Ltd
Micromesh Minerals & Metals
Million Link (China) Investment Ltd.
Million Link (India) Smelting Pvt. Ltd.
Minerais US LLC
Minerals Council South Africa
Mitra S K Private Limited
MUR Shipping RSA (PTY) Ltd
NG Global Energy Solutions (Pty) Ltd.
Noble Resources International South Africa (Pty) Ltd
Ntsimbintle Holdings (Pty) Ltd
Ntsimbintle Marketing and Trading Pte. Ltd.
Ntsimbintle Ukuhweba Pty Ltd
Ocelot Investment Group
Omni Industries BV
Ore and Metal Company Limited
Oswal Minerals Ltd
Prince – A Vibrantz Technologies company
Rajadhiraj Tirupani Vinayak Natraj Pvt.Ltd
Rand Merchant Bank
Riverbed Pte Ltd.
- H. Bell Company
Shanghai Qunxian International Trade Co., Ltd.
Shreenath Fine Chem (India) Pvt.Ltd.
Shyam Ferro Alloys Limited
Shyam SEL And Power Ltd.
Southern Jade Resources
Standard Bank Group
Sumitomo Corporation Africa (PTY) Ltd
Tata Steel Limited
The Swartkops Terminal PTY LTD
ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions (Africa) (Pty) Ltd
Traxys Africa Trading Pty Ltd
Traxys Europe S.A.
Traxys North America
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WMA Resources AG
World Metals & Alloys (FZC)