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A major success!


This year again, the International Manganese Institute’s 47th Annual Conference remained the world’s biggest Manganese event, gathering in Bangalore from June 6-8, 220 delegates from 120 companies, based in 35 countries!

This event attracted major Manganese ore, alloy, metal and chemical producers, in addition to traders, logistics companies, battery producers and steel mills.

Industry experts presented on the latest battery, steel and Manganese trends and opportunities (presentations are available for IMnI Members on the IMnI extranet, and upon request for non-Members at, and a session of the conference was dedicated to Manganese chemicals and Lithium-ion batteries:

  • Global macro-economy outlook by Madhavi Arora, Chief Economist, Emkay Global Institutional Equities
  • Prospects for the Indian economy by Dr. A.S. Firoz, Strategy Adviser, Policy and Economic Affairs, Metals and Mining
  • A future perspective of Manganese Business – The India Story by Sirsendu Mukherjee, Chief Operations-FAMD, Tata Steel Ltd.
  • Development of high-Manganese cathode in batteries by Abhishek Murali, Analyst – Electric Vehicles and E-Mobility, Rystad Energy
  • Outlook for manganese in batteries by Teboho Sebetlela, Research Manager, Wood Mackenzie
  • Market review of Manganese Ore – India Prospect by Shri Ajit Kumar Saxena, Chairman-cum-Managing Director, MOIL
  • Outlook for India’s Manganese ore market by Sri Abdul Saleem, Director, The Sandur Manganese & Iron Ores Ltd. (SMIORE)
  • Manganese alloy market, an Indian perspective by Manish Sarda, Deputy Managing Director of Sarda Metals & Alloys and IFAPA Chairman
  • New health, safety & environment developments for the Mn industry by Dr. Agnieszka Leopold, HSE & Regulatory Affairs Manager, IMnI
  • Deep-sea Manganese extraction: a game-changer? by William Li, Director of Business Development, Asia Pacific, The Metals Company (TMC)
  • Industrial threats with foreseen effects to bottomline by Dr. Doreen McGough, Secretary General, Manganese Reach Association (MARA)


View the best moments of the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference by clicking below:

For additional information on IMnI events, please email us at

  • Madhavi Arora

    Madhavi Arora is the Chief Economist at Emkay Global Institutional Equities desk, one of the leading Indian brokerage houses. She spearheads the Macro research for India and major developed and emerging nations, focusing on policy arena, FX and rates and asset allocation strategies. She has over 15 years of rich experience as a macro economist with reputed banks and brokerages, namely, Kotak, J.P. Morgan and Edelweiss. She also played a pivotal role during formulation of the 11th Five-year plan with the Planning Commission and shared space with eminent economists and policymakers. She is regularly featured in domestic and international print and television media for her markets and macro views. She has also been ranked as the top India growth forecaster Economist and one of the top three women economists in India by Bloomberg. Madhavi Arora

  • Dr. A S Firoz

    Dr. A. S. Firoz, retired in 2019 from the post of Chief Economist at the Economic Research Unit of the Ministry of Steel, after having put in more than 20 years at that position. He had studied Economics in India’s prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, to acquire is his Masters (MA) ,M.Phil. and Doctorate (Ph.D.) degrees.

    He is a well-known expert and scholar in industrial development and growth issues focused on metal and natural resource industries, energy as also energy related products. He has been working for over 34 years on steel, aluminium, coal ( coking and thermal), metallurgical coke, petroleum coke, iron ore, manganese ore, natural stones, graphite electrodes, etc.. in both Indian and global context.

    While on sabbatical from his government position and prior to that, he worked on several important research projects involving coal, iron ore, steel, manganese ore and oil with industry behemoths such as BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, POSCO, the Aditya Birla Group, etc.. In addition, he was deeply involved in pathbreaking research works with organizations such as Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER), Federation of Indian Mineral Industries (FIMI), Hatch (UK and China), etc..

    Firoz advised the government on various important policy and strategic development matters related to the iron and steel and coal and other related sectors. He is also seen as the architect of India’s Steel Policy 2017.

    Currently, he is a strategy adviser on policy and economic affairs and works for multiple organizations on industry and policy related research projects of global importance, including issues such as climate change and decarbonization strategies.

    Along with over five hundred publications in academic journals and newspapers, web based research publications, etc., he has addressed over one hundred and fifty international and national seminars and conferences in India and across over twenty five other countries.

    Ahmed FirozS. Firoz博士于2019年从钢铁部经济研究单位的首席经济学家职位上退休,他之前已经在该职位上工作了20多年。他曾在印度著名的贾瓦哈拉尔-尼赫鲁大学(新德里)学习经济学,获得硕士(MA)、哲学硕士和博士学位。 他是工业发展和增长问题方面的知名专家和学者,重点研究领域金属和自然资源产业、能源以及能源相关产品。他在印度和全球范围内从事钢铁、铝、煤炭(焦炭和热能)、冶金焦、石油焦、铁矿、锰矿、天然石、石墨电极等方面的研究工作已超过34年。 在从政府工作之余和之前,他与必和必拓、力拓、浦项、阿迪雅-贝拉集团等行业巨头合作,开展了涉及煤炭、铁矿石、钢铁、锰矿和石油的若干重要研究项目。此外,他还深入参与了印度国际经济关系研究委员会(ICRIER)、国家应用经济研究委员会(NCAER)、印度矿产工业联合会(FIMI)、Hatch(英国和中国)等组织的开创性研究工作。 Firoz博士就与钢铁和煤炭及其他相关部门有关的各种重要政策和战略发展事项向政府提供建议。他也被看作是印度2017年钢铁政策的设计师。 目前,他是政策和经济事务的战略顾问,为多个国际组织工作,从事具有全球重要性的行业和政策相关研究项目,包括气候变化和脱碳战略等问题。 他在学术期刊和报纸,网络的研究出版物上发表了五百多篇文章,他在印度和其他二十五个国家的一百五十多个国际和国家研讨会和会议上发表过演讲。

  • Manish Sarda

    Mr. Manish Sarda (Sarda Metals & Alloys Ltd.) aged 46 years belongs to a business family which has been involved in the Steel Trade since last six decades. Mr. Sarda holds a Master of Business Administration in International Business from Charles Stuart University, Australia by qualification and a is well-known Businessman by profession having rich and varied experience of 23 years in commissioning and running Industries in the field of Ferro Alloys, Steel and Power. In 2000 he joined the family business and is the head of all commercial operations of the group. His global networking & business development skills in overall business activities helped the group to create a niche in the international market and created a strong brand for its products. Mr Manish Sarda is the Dy. MD of SARDA GROUP, which has been actively involved in the manufacturing and trading of Power, Steel & Manganese Alloys since last five decades and has been an active participant in IFAPAs affairs for the last 20 years. He has presented several papers at various international and national seminars on the Steel and Ferro Alloys Industry.  Through his various paper presentations he has been instrumental in globalizing Indian Manganese Alloys Industry in giving a global image and promoting the manganese alloys of Indian origin to more than 65 countries. He is also called by CNBC TV for his expertise in steel and alloys segment.He was also one of the members of Marketing & Communication Committee of IMnI (The Apex body based in Paris for manganese business globally) for a long time. Mr Manish Sarda was in Sep 2017, unanimously elected as Chairman of Indian Ferro Alloys Producer’s Association (IFAPA), the India’s apex body for all Ferro Alloys producing companies in the country. Mr. Manish Sarda (42) is the youngest to be nominated as the Chairman of IFAPA. He was re-elected the Chairman of Indian Ferro Alloys Producer’s Association (IFAPA) in Sep 2019 & Sep 2021 and presently serving his third term as the Chairman of IFAPA. Mr Manish Sarda has been endeavoring during his tenure to involve all stakeholders in a harmonious manner and lay the roadmap for a sustainable Ferro Alloy industry which adopts best practices in energy efficiency and environmental compliance and also improve the understanding in Government bodies of the current and future support required form the Government for this critical and strategically important industry. Manish Sarda

  • Sirsendu Mukherjee

    Mr. Sirsendu Mukherjee currently holds the position of Chief Operations, Ferro alloy & mineral division (FAMD) at Tata Steel. He has 25 years of enriching experience in Manufacturing, Marketing & Sales, Procurement and Total Quality Management. Tata Steel India aspires to be 40 million tonnes company by 2030 and FAMD has been entrusted to take a pivotal role in fulfilling the requirement of manganese alloy, key ingredient of steel making. Accordingly, FAMD has firms plans to scale up its captive capacity. Mr. Mukherjee has been instrumental in setting up new plants through organic or inorganic route. Currently, Tata Steel is the largest producer of Ferro Alloys in India with an annual capacity of 450 KTPA. Sirsendu Mukherjee

  • Abhishek Murali

    Abhishek Murali is an electric vehicle and battery analyst with Rystad Energy, an energy consultancy based out of Norway. He covers the EV market including trends, chemistry evolution and long-term forecasts. He graduated as a gold medalist in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from VIT, Vellore. He has experience in the automotive manufacturing industry, heading EV pilot line testing and transition to BS6 emission norms. He is the co-author on a paper titled “Assessing Finite Control Set Model Predictive Speed Controlled PMSM Performance for Deployment in Electric Vehicles". Abhishek Murali

  • Shri Ajit Kumar Saxena

    Shri Ajit Kumar Saxena is Chairman-cum-Managing Director at MOIL Limited. He has over 36 years of wide experience in technical, operational, project management and mining domains related to Steel Sector. Under his short stint of about a couple of months, MOIL Limited has achieved praiseworthy performance in terms of Manganese Ore production on monthly basis. Prior to his current assignment, Shri Ajit Kumar Saxena was Director (Operations) at Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL) for about 3 years. He was the key force behind RINL’s key technological endeavours. He has successfully mentored many quality and cost improvement initiatives, at RINL. Some of his key accomplishments at RINL include ‘development of many New Grades and Profiles of Steel Products’ and ‘Initiation of usage of Iron Ore Slime and Anthracite in Sinter preparation processes’. His breakthrough initiative of starting and pioneering the usage of Iron Ore Micro-fines (Slime/tailings), which was earlier considered as mining waste, into mainstream Iron Ore sintering processes of large integrated steel plant, is widely regarded as key advancement in utilization of mining waste for steel sector in current decade. Under his sincere leadership, RINL has achieved its best ever production and techno-economic performance in last F.Y. 2021-22. This was also best for any single Public Sector Integrated Steel Plant. He has been instrumental in starting many innovative and industry-first practices at rolling mills of RINL. Under his instrumental leadership, RINL has developed may export-centric steel grades and products, to emerge as one of India’s leading steel exporter, with nearly 25% of all saleable steel productions earmarked for overseas markets. His commitment and efforts in areas of efficient energy management has been well-recognised by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power by awarding 1,29,907 Energy Saving Certificates (E-certs) to RINL, which is the highest in the entire Indian steel industry. He is an alumni of widely respected IIT- BHU, having graduated in Metallurgical Engineering in the year 1986. He joined SAIL, Bhilai Steel Plant in the same year. He possesses wide experience in technical, operational and project management areas and also acquired his Masters in Business Administration (MBA) later. He is well known in Steel Industry for highest standards of efficiency & production in manufacturing of quality intensive products. Working in close association with,Railway Board, Rail Vikas Nigam, Rites Ltd. and Research Design and Standards Organization (RDSO) to address commercial, supply logistics and quality issues,he also contributed significantly in the area of Indian Railway Specification for rails by standardizing test methods and parameters of new testing technology and developing micro-alloyed chemistry for special application rails. He has been associated with IIT-Kanpur in Technology Mission on Railway Safety - an Academia-Industry-User-Collaboration research project for 'Development of Economically Viable Corrosion Resistant Chemistry Rail'. He also later operationalised the 'New Rail Welding Line' of SAIL - Bhilai Steel Plant. He has immensely contributed in IISCO Steel Plant, Burnpur of SAIL. He had been instrumental in commissioning, ramping up of production and post-commissioning project completion activities in all finishing mills at IISCO Steel Plant, Burnpur. He has headed the ‘SAIL UDAY’ initiative at SAIL - IISCO Steel Plant for implementation of approved road map for turnaround through operational / maintenance improvement initiatives. Along with Operational and Technical Acumen, he is a seasoned Professional in areas of Quality Safety and Environment. He is a proud recipient of the 'Young Metallurgist of the Year Award' for the year 2000, by Ministry of Steel, Govt. of India, for development of Rail production technology implementing requisite processes at different stages of production. He is an avid reader who enjoys technical and management books as well as literary opuses. He is also a cricket enthusiast on the days he gets time. AK Saxena

  • Sri Abdul Saleem

    Sri Adbdul Saleem (The Sandur Manganese and Iron Ores Ltd) is a graduate in Commerce (B. Com) and Law (LLB) from Osmania University, Hyderabad. He is also a Fellow Member of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India, New Delhi. He garnered vast experience working with an organisation dealing with ferroalloy and power businesses before joining SMIORE as a Company Secretary in 2005. While serving as Company Secretary and later as the Chief General Manager of Mines, Saleem played a crucial role during the Hon’ble Supreme Court’s suspension to resumption of mining operations arising due to a PIL regarding illegal mining. He has significantly contributed to the Company by streamlining safe, systematic and scientific mining operations and ensuring compliances, which has resulted in both the mining leases of SMIORE being awarded Five Star Rating consecutively for the 8th time by the Ministry of Mines, and National Safety Award by the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. Saleem has also played the role of SMIORE’s nominee director on the boards of a couple of companies and contributed to their revival. In April 2020, he was appointed as the Director (Mines). Sri Abdul Saleem

  • Teboho Sebetlela

    Teboho is a Research Manager at Wood Mackenzie with experience encompassing market research, asset cost analysis as well as consulting and project management. Throughout his career, he has gained deep multi-commodity experience covering several steel alloys as well as some of the raw materials that will be key to driving the energy transition. Currently, Teboho's main focus is on market research and consulting covering the global chromium and manganese markets. This includes new energy applications across these metals. Teboho Sebetlela

  • William Li

    William Li (The Metals Company) is an experienced senior manager and entrepreneur with more than two decades of experience working between Australia and China in both the private and public sectors. He has been active in the minerals and mining industry since 2002, developing product off-take agreements; project development strategy and financing; engineering and research development and procurement of a number of global commodities. William has been an active participant in the evolution of deep sea mining over the last eight years, playing a key role on a team that initiated one of the world’s first deep sea minerals offtake agreements in a multi-year, international negotiation. He holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Economics from Nankai University, China, an MBA from QUT, Australia and has completed course work toward a certificate of extractive metallurgy. He currently lives in Brisbane, Australia. William Li

  • Dr Doreen McGough

    Dr Doreen McGough has over 20 years' work experience in the industry, 14 of which have been spent dealing solely with Manganese. She was HSE Director of the International Manganese Institute (IMnI) from 2009-2017, where she had the responsibility of enhancing industry’s understanding of the toxicological/ecotoxicological profile of many Manganese-based substances and the corresponding risks and benefits associated with their use. As the Institute’s chief scientist, Dr McGough published over 10 peer-reviewed articles concerning Manganese. Alongside her work at the IMnI she worked for the Manganese REACH Administration (MARA) on lease as its main scientific advisor where she eventually became the Secretary General in 2017 to Present. As the Secretary General of MARA, Doreen manages and works with over 10 health/safety and regulations consulting firms worldwide made of some 20 renowned scientists. Their work mainly focuses on supporting the metal industry towards smooth regulatory compliances. An Anglo-Cameroonian, Dr McGough holds a BSc in biology, an MSc in environmental pollution control, and a doctorate in environmental toxicology from the University of Nottingham (UK) where she began her career as a lecturer.  

  • Agnieszka Leopold

    Dr. Agnieszka Leopold holds a Master of Science in Engineering in Chemical Technology from the Poznan University of Technology in Poznan, Poland and a PhD degree in Chemical Process Engineering from the Technical University of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain. She has an extensive knowledge of the world of chemistry gained having worked in the following fields: research and development in chemical engineering, chemical products safety and regulatory affairs compliance, intellectual property (patents, trademarks, confidential agreements) in chemistry. Agnieszka Leopold

Asia Minerals

Asia Minerals Limited (AML)

is an international corporation with subsidiaries spread across the globe in Asia, Africa, Europe, CIS and America. AML was founded in 1993 and specializes in all Manganese-related businesses from Ores to Ferroalloys, Metals and Chemicals. AML also owns, with majority shareholding, a ferroalloys smelting plant producing 220k MT in Malaysia and a Manganese mine producing 2 million MT in South Africa.

AML, as an integrated producer of Manganese

with resources of over 200 million MT using Green power for its Alloys production, strives for providing excellent products and services to the customers, as well as maintaining a long-term partnership with all our stakeholders in a respectful manner and “Win-Win” attitude.   Asia Minerals sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.   Asia Minerals
Assore Ore & Metal

Assore Holdings

is a privately held group engaged in the mining, processing and marketing of a range of ores, minerals and metals in a number of countries. In South Africa, the group’s principal investment (via Assore South Africa) is in Assmang Proprietary Limited (Assmang), which it controls jointly with African Rainbow Minerals Limited (ARM). The 50/50 JV operates two iron ore mines (Khumani and Beeshoek) and two manganese mines (Nchwaning and Gloria) in the Northern Cape, as well as the Cato Ridge manganese alloys complex in KwaZulu-Natal. Assmang also has a controlling interest in the Sakura Ferroalloys manganese alloys complex in Sarawak, Malaysia. Assore South Africa also 100% owns and operates the significant Dwarsrivier Chrome Mine (DCM) in Limpopo and the Wonderstone industrial mineral mine (WST) in the North West province.

Ore & Metal Company

Outside of South Africa, the group’s growing international footprint, via the UK-domiciled Assore International, includes strategic investments in the precious gemstones space (Gemfields), in lithium (Atlantic Lithium) and in a range of underlying new, energy transition-focused commodities via Vision Blue Resources (VBR). Assore International is also in the process of consolidating the group’s international marketing businesses, which, together with the Ore & Metal (O&M) business, based in South Africa, are responsible for marketing and selling all the group’s ores, minerals and metals.   Assore and Ore & Metal Company sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.   Assore Ore & Metal  


AUTLÁN is a Mexican company engaged in several markets of MANGANESE and ENERGY, among other industrial sectors.  The company was founded in 1953 and has been recognized as a reliable supplier because of its high-quality products and commercial service.


Regarding manganese, Autlán is the largest producer of manganese ferroalloys in the Americas, the most important producer of manganese ore in North and Central America and one of the few producers of Alkaline EMD in the western world.


Autlán is focused on fulfilling the manganese needs from the steel industry as well as the specialized manganese requirements from the alkakine & dry battery, ceramic and micronutrient producers. The company owns three manganese mining units and three ferroalloy plants in Mexico, as well as an EMD plant in Spain.

Autlán sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.     Autlan

Key mining and metallurgy player

More than 140 years of investment, transformation and innovation make Eramet what it is today: a key mining and metallurgy player that is fully committed to an effective and sustainable industry. Eramet transforms the Earth’s mineral resources to provide sustainable and responsible solutions to the growth of the industry and to the challenges of the energy transition. Its employees are committed to this through their civic and contributory approach in all the countries where the mining and metallurgical group is present. Manganese, nickel, mineral sands, lithium, and cobalt: Eramet recovers and develops metals that are essential to the construction of a more sustainable world. Fully committed to the era of metals, Eramet’s ambition is to become a reference for the responsible transformation of the Earth’s mineral resources for living well together.

World producer

Active in Gabon through Comilog, as well as in Norway and in the US, Eramet is the world's largest producer of high-grade manganese ore and the world's first-largest producer of refined manganese alloys.   Eramet sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.   Eramet  

IPM in India

India has historically been a mineral-rich country, and produces substantial volumes of minerals that are essential for ferrous and non-ferrous industries, like iron ore, chrome ore, copper, bauxite, and coal. Being one of the fastest growing economies in the world today, the industrial growth of India in the core sectors over the last decade was projected to soon outpace its supply of raw materials, leading to an internal supply deficit in terms of the essential raw materials, resulting in a lot of potential for imported commodities. With this in mind, the journey of IPM COMMODITIES PRIVATE LIMITED, fondly referred to by its employees, customers and business associates as “IPMC”, began in April 2010 when the Company was incorporated with its registered office in Kolkata, India. The organisation was formed with the mission of providing complete solutions in terms of raw materials to the steel and associated industries in India. It started its operations with manganese ore sourced from Assmang Manganese in South Africa, and this commodity still continues to form the company’s core business. The portfolio was further increased to include sourcing of iron ore to cater to the Indian steel plants. In recents months we have added ferromanganese to our basket of supplies from the alloy plants of Assmang, located in South Africa & Malaysia. IPM COMMODITIES PRIVATE LIMITED, the Indian arm of Italiana Prodotti Minerali s.r.l., was incorporated in April 2010, with its base in Kolkata. The company emerged with an objective to provide complete solutions in terms of raw materials to the steel and associated industries in India.   IPMC sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which took place in Bangalore, India.  

Minmet S.A.M.

Minmet S.A.M., a company registered in Monaco, today holds the major of IPMC. With recent structural changes at the top level, IPMC has now become part of the Assore Group, a giant by its own stature and one of the largest mining companies in South Africa. The primary focus of IPMC is to act as an exclusive Management Consultant for the Assore Group in the Indian market, whilst also providing a an on the ground presence for the Assore Group as it looks to grow its international marketing capabilities.
Kudumane Manganese

Kudumane Manganese Resources (KMR)

is situated in Hotazel, Northern Cape Province with its head office in JHB. It started operation in 2012 and now is the 5th largest Manganese mine in South Africa with the production of 2 million MT of various grades of Mn 36 – 43%.

Mines & plant

The operation consists of two open-pit mines, a processing plant, various support infrastructure and a Rail Loadout Facility with a loading capacity of more than 4 million tons.   Kudumane Manganese Resources sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.
OM Holdings

OM Holdings Limited (OMH)

is a manganese and silicon smelting company, with vertical exposure in mining and trading. We are engaged in the business of trading raw ores, smelting, and marketing of processed ferroalloys. With over 25 years in the industry, OMH is dual-listed on the ASX and Bursa Malaysia with operations across Australia, China, Malaysia, Singapore, and South Africa. Today, the Group is one of the region's leading suppliers of manganese and silicon alloys, with a focus to grow as a sustainable ferroalloy producer to the world's steelmakers. OMH's flagship asset, the ferroalloy smelter plant in Samalaju, Sarawak, is powered mainly by renewable hydropower and is strategically positioned in South East Asia, along key global trade routes. The Group has most recently ventured into the production of silicon metal, a higher value-added product used in sectors such as aluminium, chemicals and renewable solar energy.
Pertama Ferroalloys

Pertama Ferroalloys Sdn. Bhd.

Pertama was established in Sarawak , with AML being the largest shareholder, and was the first large-scale manganese alloys and ferrosilicon plant in Malaysia. Production commenced in 2016 and we have an annual capacity of 220,000 MT of ferroalloys (SiMn & FeSi) in 6nos of 33MVA furnaces .

A producer of Ferroalloys:

Pertama produces Ferroalloys by using  GREEN power , through hydroelectricity and is well positioned to be a long term GREEN ferroalloy producer for the steel industry worldwide. Pertama is in the midst of studying the expansion of its production capacity to cater to the ever growing demand of steel and ferroalloys.   Pertama sponsored IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.   Pertama Ferroalloys


South32 is a globally diversified mining and metals company. We produce commodities including bauxite, alumina, aluminium, copper, silver, lead, zinc, nickel, metallurgical coal and manganese from our operations in Australia, Southern Africa (Mamatwan)  and South America.


With a focus on growing our base metals exposure, we also have two development options in North America and several partnerships with junior explorers around the world.



is a well-recognized supplier of silicomanganese and medium carbon ferromanganese globally, and the only silicomanganese producer in South Africa. The production plant is situated 14 km west of eMalahleni (Witbank) and approximately 90 km east of Pretoria, in the Mpumalanga Province. Manganese ore used in the production process comes from the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, which is known to contain 75% of the world’s identified manganese ore reserves.

Smelter and capacity:

The smelter complex  company was acquired in 2007,  and as a result of the concerted effort by the Transalloys’ management team and the employees, the productivity and output of the plant were increased by 50% without the addition of any additional smelting capacity. The plant has the capacity to produce approximately 180 000 tonnes of manganese ferroalloys per annum. The plant itself dates back to the mid-1960’s when the first two furnaces were built, with three more furnaces being added over the following three decades. Currently, there are 5 submerged arc furnaces, with capacity ranging between 22 and 48 MVA. Transalloys has completed the construction and commissioning of a UHT oxygen blown converter during Q3 of 2020. Typically, one of the SiMn furnaces  is periodically converted to HCFeMn production, which serves as feedstock to the converter for conversion to MCFeMn, which is then produced on a campaign basis.


The standard grade silicomanganese contains a minimum of 16.5% of silicon, 65 to 67% of manganese and a maximum of 2% carbon. Medium carbon ferromanganese contains a minimum of 80 % manganese, less than 1.5 % carbon and less than 1.0 % silicon.   Transalloys sponsored the IMnI 2023 Annual Conference which was held in Bangalore, India.   Transalloys

Tshipi é Ntle Manganese Mining Proprietary Limited is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language.

Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally.

Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body.


United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK)


UMK is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Kalahari manganese fields are regarded as the largest manganese ore deposit globally.

An exporter of Manganese:

Established in 2005, UMK is 51% black owned and is the 4th largest manganese exporter in South Africa. In 2018 the mineral resources were estimated at 607mt with 200mt in measured and indicated categories.  Mineral Reserves for Open Pit Mining are estimated at 112mt that provides a life of Open Pit Mine of more than 30 years.

  UMK sponsored the IMnI 2022 Annual Conference which was held in Cape Town, South Africa.   UMK

World Metals & Alloys FZC (WMA)

Established in 2006 in the United Arab Emirates in the most vibrant business destination is an ISO certified trading house of various ferro alloys, minerals, metals, ores, scraps, coal, coke, refractories, and other steel raw materials. WMA is a market leader and a preferred source for its customers.

A sponsor of IMnI 2023 Annual Conference:

It was our pleasure to get in touch during the IMnI conference in Bangalore and we look forward to exploring the potential to develop our relationships.   WMA    

Abhijeet Ferrotech Limited (AFL)

  AFL is India’s largest Manganese alloy plant, with 300,000 mt per year of installed capacity. It started production in October 2011 and is located at SEZ (Special Economic Zone) Atchutapuram, which is only 50km from Vishakhapatnam sea-port, in Andhra Pradesh state. The plant has 8 submerged electric arc furnaces (EAF) ofx 22.5 MVA each (total = 180 MVA) producing silico-manganese and high-carbon ferro-manganese, in addition to a 400,000 mt per year sinter plant, a modernized lab with XRF, and a 300 MW power plant.

The strengths of AFL are:

Location and distribution advantages due to the close proximity to the port
  • Cost-competitive
  • Captive power
  • Highly experienced and dedicated team
  • Innovative strategies
  • Superior grade quality
  • Latest technology

Godawari Power & Ispat Ltd (GPIL)

GPIL is a flagship Company of Raipur-based Hira Group of Industries having dominant presence in the long product segment of the Steel industry, mainly into mild steel wire. Today, GPIL is an end-to-end manufacturer of mild steel wires. In the process, the company manufactures sponge iron, billets, Ferro alloys, captive power, wires rods (through subsidiary company). A moderate but incisive decision had paved way for many more consolidation and thus in our 9.65 MVA EAF (Electric Arc submerged Furnace) we are proven premier manufacturers in India.

Production capacity:

We have a production capacity of 16500 MT per annum has a range of Silico Manganese in its belt. Silico Manganese is an essential component as an ingredient in the process of manufacturing various grades of steels. Silico Manganese, High Carbon Ferro Manganese, Medium Carbon Ferro Manganese, is covered under routine production planning. In addition the existing EAF has also successfully produced Pig Iron on market demand. The Entire Raw material System is atomized for every two hours tapping cycle. The Tapped molten metal is handled in Ladles and after cooling it is broken into sizes such as 25 x 150mm, 10 x 50mm, and 3 x 12mm. Sizing is also done as per customer demands on special cases. Godawari Power

Hira Power and Steels Ltd.

Though the Ferro alloys units made sizable business & profits, the group went into product diversification by setting up a state of the art fully automatic, high speed wire rod mill & wire drawing unit with an installed capacity to produce 42500 MT of Wire rods & 20000 MT of wires with a very modest cost of Rs.15 crores. The unit was commissioned in 1997 & is unique in the private sector in this region. The only competition is from the SAIL owned Bhilai Steel Plant. HSL is producing wire rods & wires as per customer specification at competitive rates and credit. There was a great deal of initial skepticism regarding the viability of such a project as no such mill had been set up with such a minimum outlay. However all the clouds have been cleared within few months of the commissioning of the mill. It has been a runaway success so much so that the capacity has been enhanced from 42500 MT to 50000 MT for Wire rods & 20000 MT to 25000 MT for wire drawing.

Contact and address:

Hira Power & Steels Ltd. 511/1,512/2 Urla Industrial Complex Urla, Raipur, Chattisgarh India,Pin – 492003

Sarda Metals & Alloys Ltd. (SMAL)

A 100% subsidiary of Sarda Energy & Minerals Ltd. (SEML), SMAL was set up as a greenfield state-of-the-art complex near Vishakhapatnam, A.P, India in 2013-14 with 1 X 80 MW Captive Power Plant and 3 X 36 MVA Ferro Alloys Submerged Arc Furnaces. This unit is envisaged to become the most technologically advanced, sustainable and the largest single location Ferro Alloy complexes in India.


Spread over an area of 281 acres in APIIC Kantakapalli Industrial Park, the plant is strategically located just 40-45 KM from Vishakhapatnam & Gangavaram Ports and only 2 Kms from Kantakapalli Railway siding on Chennai-Kolkata main line. Sarda plant

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