Skip to main content

Muscat, Oman

Monday, June 3 to Wednesday, June 5


This year again, the International Manganese Institute’s 48th Annual Conference remained the world’s biggest Manganese event, gathering in Oman more than 250 delegates from 120 companies, based in 35 countries. This is a new record for attendance at an IMnI conference in our 50-year history!

The press release on the event is now available here

For additional information on the event and future IMnI events, contact us at or follow us on LinkedIn or X

IMnI 2024 Annual Conference Group Photo

IMnI 48th Annual Conference was scheduled from Monday, June 3 to Wednesday, June 5 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

The theme this year was “Middle East: a future growth driver for the Manganese sector?”.

When registering to the IMnI conferences, make sure that you are covered by your company’s travel insurance during your trip and stay abroad.

Alex Puissant
Alex Puissant, a Brussels journalist, is a prominent international conference facilitator. As a foreign correspondent, editor and news anchorman, he has ensured television news coverage, including live comments and interviews, from around Europe and the USA. As an independent conference moderator, he has chaired hundreds of sessions and panel discussions with speakers as diverse as Vaclav Havel, Margaret Thatcher, and Bill Gates. He has worked for global corporations and associations as well as European Union institutions and the United Nations Organization in New York. Alex Puissant, a graduate of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in the City of New York, is the author of “The press, a voice on behalf of the citizen?” on social responsibility of the media, published on behalf of the King Baudouin Foundation. Alex Puissant
  • Jack Bedder

    Jack is a Founder and Director of Project Blue, which provides market intelligence on critical materials for energy transition.  He is an economist and political scientist with over 15 years’ experience of analysing the economics of natural resources and leading commodity research and consultancy. Before founding Project Blue, Jack Bedder was Head of Research at Roskill, leading its global team of analysts.  Before that, he worked in public policy in both the private and public sectors. He has a PhD from the University of Cambridge where his research explored the behaviours which shape critical materials supply chains.

  • Vincent Braet

    Vincent Braet works at Umicore as Purchase Manager for Manganese raw materials. Prior to his commercial role he has focused on the development and implementation of Cobalt and Nickel refinery projects within Umicore’s battery activities. Vincent holds a master’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the KU Leuven and obtained a Post-Graduate degree in Corporate Finance. Umicore is a leading circular materials technology company with extensive expertise in the fields of material science, chemistry and metallurgy. Umicore is an innovation and technology leader in NMC (Nickel, Manganese, Cobalt) cathode active materials, the key performing component in batteries determining safety, driving range, durability and carbon footprint. During his session Vincent will outline Umicore’s battery materials technology portfolio with a focus on the increasing presence of Manganese in technologies like near-term zero Cobalt Nickel Manganese (NMx) and Manganese-rich technologies (HLM).

  • Prakash Chaudhari

    COO, Jindal Shadeed Iron and Steel LLC

      Prakash Chaudhari is the Chief Operating Officer of Jindal Shadeed Iron & Steel LLC Located in Oman having a capacity of 2.4 million Tons per Annum, JSIS is one of the largest integrated steel producers in the Gulf of Arabia and has one of the lowest carbon footprints in the international steel industry. Prakash Chaudhari has 29-plus years of diversified leadership experience in the Steel industries. His past leadership roles include Steel Making Expert in M/s SMS Group , and member of the Executive Committees in the JSP  group companies.

  • Kris De Bruyne

    Kris De Bruyne has worked for the Belgian DEME group ( for 13 years, initially working in DEME’s Activity Lines Dredging and Offshore Renewables. In 2015, Kris joined Global Sea Mineral Resources (GSR), DEME’s deep seabed mining division ( GSR has been exploring the possibility of collecting seafloor polymetallic nodules that contain, on average, Ni (1.3%), Co (0.2%), Cu (1.2%) and Mn (27%). At GSR, Kris has been responsible for the development of the offshore technology (notably, the Patania I and II program) and has so far, conducted 4 ultra-deep water technology trials at 4,500 m water depth. After the successful completion of GSR’s last technology trial in 2021, Kris’ focus has expanded to developing GSR’s processing strategy as GSR’s Business Development Manager.  Kris holds a master’s degree in Mechanical Engineering - Naval Architecture at the University of Ghent (2010), complemented by a master’s degree in Organizational Management at the University of Antwerp (2011) and more recently, an Executive MBA at the Antwerp Management School (2023).

  • Kevin Fowkes

    Kevin Fowkes has worked as an economist and consultant in the ferroalloy industry since 1998.

    From 2007 to 2009, Kevin Fowkes was a business development manager in the metals division of Privat Group. Before that he was the senior market analyst for the Norwegian ferroalloy group Elkem, and a consultant for Hatch Beddows and CRU International.

    From 2009 to 2023, he ran AlloyConsult, his own company, providing bespoke consulting services to the ferroalloy industry.  In 2023, Kevin joined Wood Mackenzie as a Research Director in the company’s Steel Alloys team. Kevin is a graduate of the London School of Economics.  

  • William Husband

    William Husband joined Citi over 10 year ago. He now runs the Global M&M Corporate Banking team out of London after running the European business. William has 25 years of banking experience focused on Corporate Finance to Natural Resources companies across Capital Structuring Advisory, Acquisition financing, Bonds, Loans transactions in both Developed and Emerging Markets. William has been providing capital structuring advice to the worlds largest Metals and Mining companies for several decades and can offer advice on optimal capital structures as well as ESG strategies.

  • Michael Li

    Mr. Li Junji, Master of Mechanical Engineering from RMIT University in Australia, is a member of the IMnI and the representative of the EPD Chairman. Mr. Li Junji is currently the Vice President of South Manganese Group Limited and the Executive Director and Vice President of South Manganese Investment Limited, in charge of marketing, supply chain logistics and battery materials.

  • Dr Doreen McGough

    Dr Doreen McGough has over 20 years' work experience in the industry, 14 of which have been spent dealing solely with Manganese. She was HSE Director of the International Manganese Institute (IMnI) from 2009-2017, where she had the responsibility of enhancing industry’s understanding of the toxicological/ecotoxicological profile of many Manganese-based substances and the corresponding risks and benefits associated with their use. As the Institute’s chief scientist, Dr McGough published over 10 peer-reviewed articles concerning Manganese. Alongside her work at the IMnI she worked for the Manganese REACH Administration (MARA) on lease as its main scientific advisor where she eventually became the Secretary General in 2017 to Present. As the Secretary General of MARA, Doreen manages and works with over 10 health/safety and regulations consulting firms worldwide made of some 20 renowned scientists. Their work mainly focuses on supporting the metal industry towards smooth regulatory compliances. An Anglo-Cameroonian, Dr McGough holds a BSc in biology, an MSc in environmental pollution control, and a doctorate in environmental toxicology from the University of Nottingham (UK) where she began her career as a lecturer.  

  • Steven Vercammen

    Steven Vercammen is a senior expert in McKinsey & Company’s Belgium Office.  Since he joined in 2004, he has worked on steel and steel value chain related projects (carbon and stainless steel). Whilst early on focusing on operational improvement, market analysis (supply/demand) and technical benchmarking, in recent years Steven has specialized in sustainability topics related to the steel industry with a specific focus on circularity and secondary supply. As part of the global steel industry dynamics knowledge, Steven is the global expert on steel metallics dynamics covering scrap supply, demand and pricing evolution and decarbonization. In addition, Steven is global research leader for steel and metals in general, responsible for proprietary knowledge assets linked to cost curves, demand, supply, capital markets and overall market dynamics. Prior to joining McKinsey, Steven worked at the KU Leuven university as the “science engineering technology” group manager responsible for research strategy, educational programs and day to day management of all support functions. Steven has obtained a PhD in materials engineering (steel) from the KU Leuven and obtained engineering masters diploma from the university of Ghent in Belgium.

  • Arnaud Vigier

    Arnaud Vigier is the Manganese ore sales Director of Eramet, the French multinational mining and Metallurgy Company. Arnaud joined Eramet in November 2011 and worked in various position in the marketing and sales of Manganese products. From 2019 to 2023, he was the Managing director of Eramet China. Prior to his experience with Eramet, he worked 6 years as system engineer and product manager in Japan and in the US, for the Horiba group, manufacturer of hi-tech optical instruments for measurement and analysis. Arnaud graduated from the engineering school of Physics of Grenoble and took a MBA from the HEC business school in Paris, after several years of work.

  • Nadia Vinck

    Director EHS, Energy & Climate

    Euroalliages aisbl   Since 2006, Nadia Vinck has been in charge of EHS (Chemical Regulations, Industrial Emission Directive, transport regulations, critical raw materials …). Since October 2019, in charge of Energy & Climate. Between 2012 and 2016, Chair of a CEN ferro-alloys sub-group on "Greenhouse gas emissions in energy-intensive industries”. Previously, 17 years’ experience in waste management, with 3 years at the European Commission, and 11 years at FOST Plus (Belgian Green Dot system on packaging wastes). Consultant for UNEP to draft a technical guideline on hazardous wastes. Bio-Engineer with an additional Master in Biotechnology.  

  • Zhou Jian

    Zhou Jian is a very experienced person in Mn industry. He has always been in Mn industry since he joined IMnI as Data Manager in 2003. After he returned from Paris to China in 2004, he has been working at Eramet Shanghai office as various roles (Market Research Manager, Mn Alloys Sales Director) for 10 years.  From 2014 to 2016, he worked for Vale to direct its Mn business in China, he was also chairman of IMnI China Stats Committee during that period. In 2016, he came back to work for IMnI as IMnI China Representative. Since 2018, he is the CEO of Shanghai Fengri International Trading Co., Ltd. and Chairman of IMnI China Committee.

Autlan logo


AUTLÁN is a Mexican company engaged in several markets of MANGANESE and ENERGY, among other industrial sectors.  The company was founded in 1953 and has been recognized as a reliable supplier because of its high-quality products and commercial service.


Regarding manganese, Autlán is the largest producer of manganese ferroalloys in the Americas, the most important producer of manganese ore in North and Central America and one of the few producers of Alkaline EMD in the western world.


Autlán is focused on fulfilling the manganese needs from the steel industry as well as the specialized manganese requirements from the alkakine & dry battery, ceramic and micronutrient producers. The company owns three manganese mining units and three ferroalloy plants in Mexico, as well as an EMD plant in Spain.

Maringa Ferro Liga
In its 5 decades journey, Maringá Ferro Liga has evolved as the premier manganese ferroalloys producer in South America, with a capacity production of 100 thousand tons/year of silicomanganese and high carbon ferromanganese. Located in Brazil, Maringá distinguishes itself from the reliance of 100% renewable energy supply – partly generated by captive hydropower plants – complemented with the use of bio-reductant produced from eucalyptus plantations in reforested areas. This commitment to sustainability places Maringá as the manganese ferroalloy producer with the lowest CO2 emission in the world. Benefiting from diverse Mn ore deposits in Brazil – from captive mines and certified suppliers – Maringá ensures a high quality, low impurity material. Our focus on innovation, sustainability, and quality has positioned Maringá Ferro Liga as a trusted partner for customers worldwide seeking reliable, environmentally conscious ferroalloy solutions.
OM Holdings

OM Holdings Limited (OMH)

is a manganese and silicon smelting company, with vertical exposure in mining and trading. We are engaged in the business of trading raw ores, smelting, and marketing of processed ferroalloys. With over 25 years in the industry, OMH is dual-listed on the ASX and Bursa Malaysia with operations across Australia, China, Malaysia, Singapore, and South Africa. Today, the Group is one of the region's leading suppliers of manganese and silicon alloys, with a focus to grow as a sustainable ferroalloy producer to the world's steelmakers. OMH's flagship asset, the ferroalloy smelter plant in Samalaju, Sarawak, is powered mainly by renewable hydropower and is strategically positioned in South East Asia, along key global trade routes. The Group has most recently ventured into the production of silicon metal, a higher value-added product used in sectors such as aluminium, chemicals and renewable solar energy.
Ore Metal
Assore Holdings is a privately held group engaged in the mining, processing and marketing of a range of ores, minerals and metals in a number of countries. In South Africa, the group’s principal investment (via Assore South Africa) is in Assmang Proprietary Limited (Assmang), which it controls jointly with African Rainbow Minerals Limited (ARM). The 50/50 JV operates two iron ore mines (Khumani and Beeshoek) and two manganese mines (Nchwaning and Gloria) in the Northern Cape, as well as the Cato Ridge manganese alloys complex in KwaZulu-Natal. Assmang also has a controlling interest in the Sakura Ferroalloys manganese alloys complex in Sarawak, Malaysia. Assore South Africa also 100% owns and operates the significant Dwarsrivier Chrome Mine (DCM) in Limpopo and the Wonderstone industrial mineral mine (WST) in the North West province. Outside of South Africa, the group’s growing international footprint, via the UK-domiciled Assore International, includes strategic investments in the precious gemstones space (Gemfields), in lithium (Atlantic Lithium) and in a range of underlying new, energy transition-focused commodities via Vision Blue Resources (VBR). Assore International is also in the process of consolidating the group’s international marketing businesses, which, together with the Ore & Metal (O&M) business, based in South Africa, are responsible for marketing and selling all the group’s ores, minerals and metals.


South32 is a globally diversified mining and metals company. We produce commodities including bauxite, alumina, aluminium, copper, silver, lead, zinc, nickel, metallurgical coal and manganese from our operations in Australia, Southern Africa (Mamatwan)  and South America.


With a focus on growing our base metals exposure, we also have two development options in North America and several partnerships with junior explorers around the world.


Tshipi é Ntle Manganese Mining Proprietary Limited is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language.

Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally.

Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body.


World Metals & Alloys FZC (WMA)

Established in 2006 in the United Arab Emirates in the most vibrant business destination is an ISO certified trading house of various ferro alloys, minerals, metals, ores, scraps, coal, coke, refractories, and other steel raw materials. WMA is a market leader and a preferred source for its customers.    

Companies registered to date:


AB Ferromax

African Rainbow Minerals

Afro Minerals Trading AG

Al Jood Natural Resources LLC

Ashbery Metals

Asia Minerals Limited

Assore International Holdings Ltd.



Bastion Industries

Bihar Foundry and Casting Limited

Black Canyon Ltd


C. Steinweg Oman LLC

Carbon Partners AS

Carbon Resources Pvt. Ltd.


Chongqing Bosai Minerals Group


Citic Commodities Pte Ltd

CRU Group



Estrella Resources Limited

Euroalliages aisbl

Felman Trading Europe AG


Full Comex Trading

German Mineral Resources Agency at BGR

Glencore India, New Delhi

Glencore International AG

Global Sea Mineral Resources (GSR)

GoodEarth | GoodRock

Gunvor Group

Hanwa Co., Ltd.

Hascor International Group

Helvetia Resources


Inner Mongolia Chayouqianqi Mengfa Ferroalloy Co., Ltd

IPM Commodities Pvt. Ltd.

JFE Mineral & Alloy Company Ltd.

JFE Shoji  Corporation

Jindal Shadeed Iron & Steel LLC

Jupiter Mines Ltd.

Kalahari Minerals Marketing AG

Kimpe SAS

LPM s.r.l.

MAA Enterprises

Maharashtra Alloys

ManCor Group

Manganese Metal Company (Pty) Ltd

Manganese REACH Administration (MARA)

Maringá Ferro Liga S.A.

Marubeni Tetsugen Co., Ltd.

McCloskey by OPIS

McKinsey & Company

Metals Hub GmbH

Minmet S.A.M.

Mitra S.K. Private Limited

Mitsui & Co., Ltd.

Morlexium Minerals & Metals Ltd

Mtalx Ltd.

Multitecnica Industrial

Musamu Resources Ltd.

Namo Shree

Nava Limited

Navratna Manganese Products LLP

NG Global Energy Solutions

Nippon Denko Co., Ltd.

Ntsimbintle Holdings Ltd.

Ntsimbintle Marketing and Trading Pte Ltd

OFZ, a.s.

OM Holdings Ltd.

Omni Industries B.V.

Ore & Metal Company Limited

Panasonic Energy Co., Ltd

PLR Projects Zambia Limited

Project Blue

Quintal S.A.

Rajadhiraj Tirupani Vinayak Natraj Pvt.Ltd

Ramnik Power and Alloys Pvt. Ltd.

Rand Merchant Bank

Ronly Ltd.

S&P Global

Sakura Ferroalloys

Sarda Metals & Alloys Ltd.

Satka Group

Shaanxi Sinian Metal & Mining Co.,Ltd

Shaanxi Sinian Metal & Mining Co.,Ltd

Shanghai Fengri International Trading Co., Ltd.

Shanghai Ju-Manganese International Trade Co.,Ltd

Sharp Ferro Alloys Ltd.

Shree Ramdoot Metloys Pvt. Ltd.

Shreenath Fine Chem (I) Pvt. Ltd.

Shri Kakshi Metals Pvt Ltd. (a Unit of Kakshi Group)

Shri Ram Metals (a Unit of Kakshi Group)

Shyam Ferro Alloys Limited

Shyam SEL and Power Limited


South Manganese Group Ltd.

South Saharan Mining

Sumitomo Corporation

Sumitomo Corporation Africa (Pty) Ltd

Symbol International Fortune Group Pte. Ltd.

Tanaka Chemical Corporation

Temirtau Trading

TMC The Metals Company


Traxys Europe S.A.

Truleap DMCC

Tshipi e Ntle Manganese Mining

TZM Global LLC


United Manganese of Kalahari (Pty) Ltd

Vamancore Pte. Ltd.

Vedika Metals Private Limited


Vietnam New Resources Metallurgy Shareholding Co.

Westfesi Group

Wood Mackenzie

World Metals & Alloys (FZC)