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World Market

International manganese trade has long been closely tied to the demand of industrialized countries in Europe, North America, Japan and South East Asia. In the early 1980's, the slowdown in steel production combined with a decrease in manganese unit consumption resulted in a decrease in the demand for manganese. This was partly compensated by new demands from China and CIS, all wanting to upgrade their own resources. These trends, added to the decrease in demand for ferruginous ore, increased the share of high grade ore in world trade.

Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Japan
(High Tensile Steel)

Out of a manganese ore production of over 20 million tons per year, 8 million tons come on to the international market. A few producing countries, Australia, Brazil, Gabon and South Africa, account for over 85% of the world's supply. It should be noted that from the mid-1970's, South Africa, Brazil and Mexico started upgrading their exports by locally processing part of the ore into manganese-containing ferro-alloys.

Today, most of the manganese requirements of industrialized countries are supplied in the form of alloys. As a result, the USA has almost completely abandoned local production of manganese alloys. Countries such as France, Norway and Spain have continued to be large exporters of these ferro-alloys.

 
 Contents
 Introduction
 The History of Manganese
 Reserves, Production, Demand and Markets
 Reserves
 Production
 Demand
 World Market
 Manganese and Manganese Alloy Production
 Industrial and Metallurgical Applications
 Non Metallurgical Uses
 Health, Nutrition, Agriculture and Environment
 
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