2014: IMnI 40th Annual Conference, Cape Town

Cape Town, South Africa

2014, May 28-30

IMnI 40th Annual Conference was held in Cape Town, South Africa.

Conference Information

IMnI’s 40th Annual Conference, which closed last week in Cape Town, was an unmitigated success on all counts.  First, by the record number of attendees -- 201; or 40 over our most well-attended in Paris four years ago.  Second, by the high level of the speakers.  Third, by the 2-day program of technical tours spotlighting South Africa’s new mines, ferroalloy plants, EMM & EMD plants and ports, which preceded the conference proceedings.

Structured around the theme “Africa: The Last Frontier for Economic Development”,  main speakers included: Robert Ward, Editorial Director for The Economist Intelligence Unit, who presented a helicopter view of Africa Today & Tomorrow; Professor Andy Andrews who explained the Role of Demographics in Africa’s Economic Growth; Fraser Thompson, Senior Fellow at McKinsey Global Institute, who demonstrated how best to achieve Economic Development in Resource Driven Countries; Political and Trend Analyst J.P. Landman, who answered the question Where is South Africa Today?; Lokesh Chandra, Joint Secretary for India’s Ministry of Steel, who detailed how India’s steel sector was providing opportunities for South Africa’s Mn mining sector.

Other big names presenting were BHP Billiton, Arcelor Mittal, Standard Bank Group, Transnet, Hatch, Frontier Advisory, 3E and IMnI.

For the 4th year running, the conference featured the popular session on New Projects, with this year’s module highlighting: Eramet-Comilog’s SiMn and EMM plants in Gabon, Assmang’s Sakura Ferroalloy project in Malaysia and IMnI’s Mn Reprotoxic research project.  In a live poll, the audience awarded IMnI’s OHES Manager Doreen McGough the prize for “Best Presentation”.

The poll also permitted members of the audience to rate IMnI’s services and express their views on the steel and manganese industries and developing economic trends.  (Full poll results can be accessed below).

United Manganese of Kalerhari (UMK) sponsored the welcome cocktail, and Tshipi e Ntle and Afriminerals Trading AG along with Transalloys sponsored the lunches.

The conference came to a close with the traditional banquet dinner at Cape Point Vineyards.  The evening was co-sponsored by IMnI Ore & Metal and Hatch.

The two days of technical tours organized just prior to the conference offered a selection of 6 separate visits: the 1st to the 4 new mines – UMK, Tshipi Borwa, Kudumane and Kalagadi’s mine and sinter plant; the 2nd to the port of Ngqura and Port Elizabeth; the 3rd to MMC’s EMM plant and Delta’s EMD plant; the 4th to Transalloys plant; the 5th to Durban Port; the 6th to Metalloys Mn alloys plant and Mogale.  All 6 visits were well attended.

Speakers Bios



Robert Ward is the Editorial Director at the Economist Intelligence Unit, where he leads the EIU's country, industry and data analysis and forecasting teams. In this position he plays a key role in shaping the company's response to events and in overseeing the suite of core subscription products to ensure standards of editorial excellence are maintained. He also has oversight of the editorial integrity and independence of all EIU-branded businesses within the Economist Group.

Before becoming Editorial Director, Robert was Country Publishing Director and, before that, he led the EIU's Global Forecasting unit. In this latter capacity, Robert led the EIU's response to the global financial and economic crises and he remains an expert on global political and economic issues.

Recent highlights include developing the EIU's China strategy and spearheading the company's recent expansion of its China city analysis, and devising the rollout of the EIU's new "Events" service, reorganising the editorial team to integrate the production of quick-response daily analysis with continued output of monthly and quarterly core subscription products.

Robert also plays a leading role in communicating the EIU's views to high-level audiences around the world. His external activities have included advising company boards on strategy, keynotes at large corporate gatherings and event chairing.

Robert joined the Economist Group in 1997. As well as living in Japan in the 1990s, in the 1980s he attended Voronezh University in the Soviet Union and worked for two years in geriatric care in West Berlin. He is a fluent speaker of Japanese and holds a bachelors and masters degree from Cambridge University.

Specialties: global economic/political issues, developed and emerging market economies and politics, Japan and China, China business, political risk analysis, economic forecasting, new product development and strategy, subscription publishing, online publishing, change management within teams, large-team management, team development

G. S. (Andy) Andrews BCom, MBA, PhD.

Visiting Professor at IESE Business School in Barcelona. Has also taught as a Visiting Professor at several leading international Business Schools.

Served as Dean and Director of the Graduate School of Business at the University of the Witwatersrand from 1981 to 1989. In 1990 he started the Graduate Institute of Management which offered the Henley MBA degree in South Africa and served as Dean until 2000.

He has developed a relationship with the Blue Ocean Strategy Institute at INSEAD Business School and holds the exclusive rights to deliver the highly sophisticated Blue Ocean Strategy Simulation in South Africa.

He served as President of the Harvard Business School Club of South Africa from 1984 until 2008. He has recently been appointed to the Board of Governors of Rhodes University, Grahamstown. South Africa.

Cleopatra Shiceka is currently the General Manager in the Chief Executive’s Office of Transnet Freight Rail. Prior to this position she was the General Counsel of Transnet Freight Rail, her areas of responsibility included legal services, compliance and governance, private sector partnerships and specialised finance projects. Cleopatra has served on the legal committees of The International association of Ports and harbours (IAPH) as well as the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMEASA). Non-Executive Board Member of Primeserv. She is currently serving as General Counsel on the Executive Board of the Union of African Railways UAR, a specialized agency of the AU. She is also serving on a committee that is advising the Executive Board of the International Association of Railways (UIC) in Paris. She is the non- executive Chairperson of Gabcon and non-executive director of Reutech. Cleopatra has vast local and international commercial and regulatory experience in the Freight and logistics industry both from a maritime and intermodal perspective. She was previously a consultant in the specialized finance department of one of South Africa’s leading investment banks. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Law and Bachelor of Laws degrees from the University of Swaziland and a Higher Diploma in Tax Law from the University of Witwatersrand.

Dr. Fraser Thompson is a senior fellow at the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), McKinsey's business and economics research arm, based in Singapore. Fraser leads MGI's work on natural resources, including issues such as resource productivity and economic development in resource-rich countries. Fraser has authored numerous articles in leading business and academic publications. He is a frequent speaker at conferences on economic development and natural resource issues.

Fraser joined the Middle East office of McKinsey in 2006, before moving in 2008 to London, where he was an engagement manager. As a consultant, he served extractive companies and resource-rich governments on a range of regulatory and economic development issues.  Prior to joining McKinsey, Fraser worked as a consultant for The World Bank in the United States and the United Kingdom, and as a lecturer at Oxford University in the areas of Development Economics, International Trade and Finance, Microeconomics and Industrial Organization. Fraser received a Doctorate and Masters in Economics from the University of Oxford, where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar. He also has undergraduate degrees from Melbourne University (Australia) and Butler University (United States) in Commerce and Arts, majoring in Finance, Economics and Mandarin Chinese.

JP Landman is a self-employed analyst on political-economic trends.  He focuses on trends in politics, economics, demography and social capital.

He is a visiting professor at the University of the Free State; and he consults to Nedbank Private Wealth, one of SA’s largest private wealth managers.

In 2013 he was elected a Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Centre for International Scholars in Washington DC.

In August 2013 he published the book. The Long View, an analysis of trends in SA.  The book is now in its third print.

He has a BA LLB from Stellenbosch University (1978), studied Economics at Harvard (1998 and again in 2005), and obtained a MPhil in Future Studies (cum laude) from Stellenbosch (2003). In 2009 he completed a course at Oxford University (Continued Education) on the economies of the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India & China).

Mr. Lokesh Chandra is an officer of Indian Administrative Service (IAS:93:MH) Mr. Chandra obtained his B.E. in Civil Engineering from Allahabad University in 1990 and awarded Gold Medal for getting 1st rank.  He has also obtained M.Tech. (Structures) from the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi in 1992 and was awarded President Gold Medal for getting 1st Rank.

Mr. Chandra joined Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1993 and held a number of key positions in the State of Maharashtra.  He has also held senior positions in the Ministries of Power, Home and is presently holding the position of Joint Secretary to Government of India in the Ministry of Steel.

Mr. Chandra has received a number of awards for his meritorious services and has attended a number of training programs in India and abroad.  He has also visited a number of foreign countries.


 Sunil Kumar, 49 years. B.Tech (Hons) degree in manufacturing science and technology from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kharagpur and a post-graduate diploma in international trade from the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi India.

Appointed Chief Marketing Officer of ArcelorMittal South Africa in 2010.  Joined the ArcelorMittal Group in 2001 as Product Manager, Flat Products of the marketing arm of Mittal Steel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.  Appointed General Manager of Sales and Marketing at the company’s China representative office in Beijing in 2004 where he managed four regional offices and domestic sales until 2007.  Moved to Morocco in 2007 as Managing Director of ArcelorMittal International in Casablanca.  Started his career as an engineer at the Auto Paint Shop at Tata Motors in Pune, India, followed by a role as Joint-General Manager at Essar Steel Ltd, Mumbai, India.

He was appointed as non-executive director of Macsteel International Holdings B.V. in 2010

Hannah Edinger is Director at Frontier Advisory (Pty) Ltd, a leading Johannesburg-based advisory firm founded in 2007 that specialises in emerging and frontier markets. As one of the founding members and forming part of the senior management of Frontier Advisory, Hannah heads up the Research & Strategy division of the company. In this capacity, she has worked with corporate and government leaders in providing advisory services, timely information and analysis to assist clients to formulate and implement strategies in these markets.

Hannah has headed various projects relating to investment and trading opportunities for South African and international corporates in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the Middle East, North Africa, Asia, Europe as well as Latin America and the US. She has executed on sector-specific projects in South Africa and across the SSA region focusing on areas such as mining, agriculture, trade, manufacturing & industry, infrastructure & construction, water, financial services, ICT, power, energy and retail. Key thematic areas such as China-Africa Relations, India-Africa Relations, BRICS-Africa Relations, Women Empowerment and Women Leadership, the Competitiveness of Nations and Cities, and Engagement Strategies vis-à-vis the BRICS economies have underpinned these projects.

During her tenure at Frontier Advisory, Hannah has had wide-ranging exposure to frontier and emerging markets and the business and developmental challenges but also opportunities that are evident in these markets. She has come face to face with these situations through conducting in-market research in various African and Asian markets, and travelling across the world on assignment for clients. She has led delegations on international trade and investment missions, and has been advising various South African listed companies on their internationalisation strategies into Africa and Asia, as well as international companies on their expansion strategies into South Africa and the greater region.

Hannah’s interest and passion in especially China-Africa relations has its roots in the Centre for Chinese Studies (CCS) based at the University of Stellenbosch, an organisation which catapulted her into a league of experts that were active in this deeply intriguing and fast growing field. Joining at the formative stages of the CCS, Hannah held the position of Economist and Research Manager at the centre.

Beyond heading assignments for corporates, Hannah has led research teams for a number of non-profit organisations. These include the Businesswomen’s Association of South Africa (BWASA) and Oxfam; the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF); the International Women’s Forum of South

Patrice L’Huillier is COO Manganese Division at ERAMET-COMILOG.  He is responsible for the mining operations in Gabon and Ferroalloys in Norway, US, France & China.

Patrice oversees the development and implementation of the Division’s HSE initiatives, cost efficiency and enhanced productivity programs, as well as implementation of the Capex projects.

Patrice L’Huillier has extensive experience in the metals and mining industry, particularly in the production of Aluminium, Silicon, Iron Ore, Coal, Cr & Mn ore and Ferro-alloys.  Prior to joining ERAMET in 2013, he was Vice-President Operations in Kazakhstan for ENRC from 2009 and Head of Al alloys business in RUSAL based in Moscow from 2004, he spent more than 18 years with the leading international companies ENRC, RUSAL, Alcan-Pechiney and KME.

Patrice L’Huillier is a graduate of Ecole Nationale des Ponts & Chaussees in Paris and hold MBA from Kingston Business School in London/National Academy of Economy in Moscow. Patrice is fluent in French, English and Russian.

Tiaan Van Aswegen obtained a BEng (Metallurgical) degree from the University of Pretoria (UP) in 1982 and later obtained BCom (Unisa) and MEng (UP) degrees.  After working for Iscor and Samancor in production and on projects, he was appointed by Samancor as General Manager of the Palmiet Ferrochrome Operation (Mogale) in 1999. He joined Assore in 2003 as Consulting Metallurgist and is a member of the Assmang operations Committee.  In September 2012 he was appointed Group Technical and Operations Director of Assore and a director of Assmang.


- A total of 28 years in the mining and ferro-alloy production industry

- Started his career in the smelting/ferro-alloy industry (10 years)

- General Manager of Palmiet Ferrochrome

- Consulting Metallurgist for the Assore Group, involved in iron ore, manganese and chrome ore mining as well as ferro-chrome and ferro-manganese smelting

- Executive Director of Assore Limited responsible for the business, technical and operational strategy of the - Assore Groups and Assmang Limited


Mohammed Ali is the Regional Director for Hatch’s Environmental Services Group based in Toronto. He has managed and conducted several sustainable development related projects, particularly involved in life cycle studies. He sits and is an executive member of various mining, environmental and sustainability committees in Canada and globally. He has conducted numerous engineering and ISO 14040 compliant life cycle studies for a range of clients in the oil and gas, mining, manufacturing, chemical, automotive, building and construction, and textile industries.

Mohammed’s broad technical and management expertise stems from a background in research, engineering and business development, with specialization in process design, system modeling for industrial processes and greenhouse gas measurement and reporting. Project experience ranges from modeling resource and energy profiles of complex industrial systems to developing market oriented environmental information for retail sector product manufacturers.  He has led project proponents in the submission of reports to Canada's Technology Early Action Measures on the GHG aspects of their technologies. This work and similar projects with project proponent funded through Sustainable Development Technology Canada and Climate Change Emissions Management Centre has given insights into innovative technologies, products and processes, for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Mohammed holds a Chemical Engineer degree, has lived on three continents and is on the Executive Committee for the Canadian Mining Innovation Council Environmental Stewardship and Canadian Institute of Mining Greater Toronto West.

Dylan Theunissen joined 3E South Africa in 2012 as a grid and photovoltaic engineer.  He is responsible for due diligence work in the solar team, including site visits, resource assessments, yield estimates, design verifications, feasibility studies, PV facility construction monitoring.  He is also responsible for grid connection studies for wind and PV projects. He has worked on numerous projects throughout South Africa as well as projects in other countries such as France, Belgium, Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Turkey and Chile.  Dylan previously worked for South Africa’s state utility Eskom for 4 years. There he completed an 18 month in-house training programme which involved gaining exposure in various technical departments within the business such as Project Engineering, Field Services, Metering, Telecontrol, etc. He worked for 3 years in the role of Network Analyst engineer within the Network Optimisation department of Eskom; where he was responsible for real time management of the as-built grid as well as analysing the impact of future projects on the grid before they are implemented.

Dylan holds a BSc Eng(hons) in Mechatronic engineering from the University of Cape Town (UCT).

Walter de Wet joined Standard Bank at the start of 2007 as Head of Commodities Research. As part of his current duties he interacts with corporate clients, institutional investors and hedge funds across the globe. Together with the rest of the team he does fundamental research and commodity trading strategies on the global commodities markets. The team covers base metals, precious metals, bulks and energy. The commodities research team draws substantial knowledge and market insights from Standard Bank’s global presence in the physical commodity markets in precious- and base metals, as well as bulk commodities. Walter holds a PhD in Econometrics. He is also a Chartered Financial Analyst.



Elsabe Muller has over 23 years of experience in the resources industry. She is currently employed by BHP Billiton as General Manager Marketing for Manganese globally. In this capacity she is responsible for the Manganese marketing strategy, front line marketing and sales. Elsabe's prior roles included: Global supply chain role in marketing; Operations manager role on an Energy Coal mine; IM, Engineering and Capital projects management role in Aluminium; Global Business Planning role for the Nickel business; various project roles and was a director of BHP BILLITON SA LTD.



Alberto Saavedra joined the IMnI last year. He comes from Mexican manganese ore and ferroalloy producer Minera Autlan, where he was responsible for the company’s market research.  When at Autlan, he was a member of IMnI’s Statistics Committee.

Alberto holds a Master’s Degree in Evaluation and Project Management from the Universidad Panamericana, along with a Bachelor’s degree in Economics and a diploma in international trade.



Dr. Doreen McGough took over the Occupational Health, Environment and Safety (OHES) Manager’s portfolio at the IMnI in January 2009.  Before joining the Institute, she worked as a Regulatory Affairs Specialist for Safepharm Laboratories Ltd, UK - a Contracted Research Organization.

Cameroonian born, she began her career as a University lecturer after obtaining her post graduate degrees in Environmental Toxicology from the University of Nottingham and Nottingham Trent University (both in the UK).

Tech Tours

Offer 1: UMK mine, Kalagadi mine & Sinter Plant, Tshipi Borwa mine, Kudumane mine

Monday, May 26th, 2014 (Tour begins in Johannesburg)

United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The mine is situated 13km south of Hotazel, 42km north of Kathu and 80km north west of Kuruman. UMK is strategically located with good access to rail infrastructure, and has a state of the art load out station to enable rapid train loading. The UMK processing plant was developed as an integrated system from the primary crusher, through the cone crusher, primary stockyards, screening plant and product stockyard to eventually deliver ore to the load-out silo. A state of the art stockyard system consists of 2 yards with 3 fully automated stackers and 2 PLC controlled portal re-claimers to stack and reclaim ore from the above stockpiles and assist with the blend quality of the final product. The production capability initially planned allowed for a saleable product of 1.873 million tons per annum. The final design was subjected to “value engineering” throughout and as a result the commissioned capacity exceeded initial expectations with the development of the plant capable of 800 tons per hour and annual throughput of 4.2 million tons making UMK the second largest manganese mine in the world. UMK currently employs one hundred and nine full time staff and over 500 contractors. UMK produces a 37.5% Mn grade and mainly targets a 6x75mm sizing product. A 0x6mm sizing product is also marketed when opportunities arise. UMK sells its products in both the local and export markets. 
Tshipi Borwa mine is an open pit manganese mine that has been producing and exporting manganese since November 2012. The mine's single open pit will have a life span, at the planned production rate of 2.4mtpa, of over 60 years. The ore resources are contained in a geological package that in places are over 47m thick. Construction activities of the mine's permanent crushing and screening plant are in an advanced stage and are being concluded while the mine operates on the temporary crushing and screening circuit. The permanent plant facilities include a wet screening circuit, two large stockpiles which incorporate a conveyor recovery method and a modern rapid load out station Kudumane Manganese Resources is a predominantly Black-owned company in which Asia Minerals Ltd. (AML) owns 49%. The head office is in Johannesburg while the mine is situated within the Kalahari Manganese basin in the Northern Cape region. The mine was officially launched in May 2012 and manganese was reached by December of that year. In May 2013, KMR obtained a 30-year mining license on two of its farms, York and Telele. Current open pit operations are at York with production planned at 2 Mtpa in the first year, 2.5 Mtpa in the second year and 3 Mtpa from year three onwards. Mn is exported through Durban and Port Elizabeth ports by rail and road. 
IMnI visitors will see the following:
  • Internal rail and automated rapid LOAD-OUT station infrastructure where Transnet wagons and road haul trucks are loaded 
  • Crushing of the ROM ore achieved through the mobile screening and crushing plant while feasibility work is underway for the permanent processing plant with planned throughput of 3.5 Mtpa. 
  • The actual open pit mine operations
Kalagadi Mine and Sinter Plant

The Kalagadi Mine Complex includes the following major areas:

  • An underground mechanised mine having the capacity to produce 3 million tonnes of run of mine (ROM) Ore per annum.
  • An Ore preparation plant to crush the ROM Ore to a suitable size as a feed to the Sinter plant.
  • A moving grate type Sinter plant that will beneficiate the 3 million tons of ROM Ore to 2.4 million tons of Sinter product per annum.
  • A Rapid Rail Load Out system and an electrified rail spur to ensure the efficient loading of bulk load trains and access to the main Hotazel Port Elizabeth Rail Corridor.

Other infrastructure, the major component of which is the 132kV Power Line from Sishen to the Umtu Complex and the Sub-station.

Underground Mine

The mine will be accessed by two vertical shafts. The main shaft will be 9 m in diameter and intersect the ore body at 250 m (will be at 281m). This shaft will be used for man and machinery access as well as for inlet ventilation and the hoisting of Ore. The secondary shaft of 6m diameter will be USED for return ventilation and will serve as an emergency outlet. The mine is designed to produce 3 million tonnes of run of mine (ROM) Ore per annum. The mining method to be used will be room and pillar and will be completely mechanized using trackless machines.

Ore Preparation Plant

Ore from the shaft is directed to the ROM stockpile from where it is routed to the secondary, tertiary and fines crushing and screening circuits. In this section of the plant the size of the Ore will be reduced to -6mm, which is the size required for the sintering process.

Sinter Plant

The sinter plant will have an output of approximately 2.4 million tons per annum. The difference between this tonnage and the 3 million tons of ROM ore is essentially the CO2 and moisture that is driven off from the Manganese Ore, which upgrades the Manganese content of the Ore.

Rapid Load Out Station and Rail Link

An electrified railway spur including a tear drop turning circle is being built from the Transnet railway line near to the Hotazel Station to the load Out station adjacent to the Sinter Plant.



06:00           Depart Lanseria International Airport, Johannesburg (Execujet hangar) for Hotazel (BHPB airstrip) 
07:30           Arrive Hotazel and transfer to Kalagadi
07:45-09:30  Brief overview and plant tour
09:30           Depart Kalagadi for Kudumane Mine
09:45-11:30  Brief overview and plant tour
11:30           Depart Kudumane for UMK
11:45-14:00  UMK mine visit and lunch
14:00           Depart for Tshipi
14:45-15:30  Brief overview and plant tour
15:30           Depart Tshipi mine for Hotazel
16:00           Depart Hotazel for Lanseria
17:00           Arrive Lanseria International Airport
Limited to 35 participants

Offer 2: Coega Port & Port Elizabeth 

Monday, May 26th, 2014 (Tour begins in Port Elizabeth)

Port of Ngqura

The latest development in the TNPA stables of ports, the Port of Ngqura is located on the east coast of South Africa, 20 kilometres north east of Port Elizabeth and midway between Durban and Cape Town. Officially launched on 16 March 2012; the Port of Ngqura is a world-class, dedicated and preferred deep water transshipment hub for the sub-Saharan

Africa region with the design capacity of 2,8m TEUs. The Port offers an integrated, efficient and competitive port service for containers in transit to global markets within the region. The Port has a 4-berth Container Terminal which is equipped with world class superstructure, 1-berth Multipurpose Terminal, Liquid Bulk Terminal and the Manganese Terminal.

The construction of the Manganese loading facility which will be supported by the required rail infrastructure will increase the capacity from the 6Mtpa currently handled in the South African Port System to 22Mtpa, to accommodate the broad-based local mining growth, stemming from the global demand. Upon completion, this project will ultimately position South Africa as the global leading manganese ore exporter.

The Port of Ngqura is strategically positioned to accommodate and attract traffic which cannot access the Suez Canal due to size and other safety reasons. The port is also located within the proximity of the Coega Industrial Development Zone which provides an opportunity for product beneficiation. The design of the port was also governed by the site’s physical and environmental conditions. It is the only port  in South Africa boasting an environmental authorisation Record of Decision (RoD) for its construction and operation, as well as an exceptional 0% non-compliance.


Port Elizabeth 

The Port of Port Elizabeth is a geographically well-positioned, customer-centric, multi-cargo port that prides itself on flexibility and service excellence. It is the gateway for expanding markets, and is not only linked with the rest of the world, but also has direct transport links into the heart of the African continent. Situated in Algoa Bay, on the south-eastern coast of Africa, midway between the Ports of Durban and Cape Town, the port has a container terminal, one of only five (Durban, East London, Ngqura, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town) in South Africa. Being a congestion free port allows it to maintain high cargo handling rates, fast and efficient ship turnaround and unparalleled service levels. The port is equipped to handle Dry Bulk (Manganese Ore), Liquid Bulk, Automotives, General Cargo and Containerized cargo. Passenger ships usually make use of the Multipurpose Terminal berths and facilities when calling at the port.

Manganese Terminal

The port exports 6 million tons of manganese ore per annum. This commodity has been exported through the port since 1976. The ore is transported to Port Elizabeth by rail from four mines near Hotazel in the country’s Northern Cape Province, and then exported to mainly India and China.



08:45                Port Elizabeth: Official Welcome and Introductions by Mr Rajesh Dana, Port Manager

09:30-10:30       Port Tour by Captain Brynn Adamson, Harbour Master

10:30                Delegates depart from Port Elizabeth to the Port of Ngqura

11:15-11:45       Official Welcome and Introductions by Ms Mpumi Dweba, Port Manager

12:00-13:00       Port Tour by Captain Thulani Dubeko, Harbour Master

13:00                Refreshments served


Offer 3: Manganese Metal Company (MMC) and Delta 

Monday, May 26th, 2014 (Tour begins in Nelspruit)

Manganese Metal Company (MMC), Nelspruit, South Africa MMC is the world’s largest producer of selenium-free (99.9% Mn) electrolytic manganese metal (EMM), with its single circuit 30,000tpa electrolysis plant. It is the world’s only non-China based EMM producer and has been in existence since 1974. The MMC story is also unique in the world – regardless of the exponential growth in EMM capacity in China since the early 2000’s, MMC has been able to solidify its position as a niche market supplier of various quality grades of EMM, whilst managing the complex hydrometallurgical circuit and accompanying waste streams within stringent environmental protection standards. A visit to MMC in Nelspruit will offer conference delegates the opportunity to see the main process steps (ore reduction, leaching, purification, divided cell electrowinning) as well as the effluent and solid waste treatment and disposal facilities. The latter includes MMC’s old landfill site, now in an advanced stage of rehabilitation, plus the current landfill site, which is a world-class hazardous waste disposal facility, the first of its kind in South Africa when it was registered. MMC is owned by MM Holdings, a grouping of five South African private venture capital investors. MMC employs 600 persons. More than 95% of sales is exported by MMC’s in-house marketing and logistics team, to a customer base spanning more than 120 active customers in 26 countries. A visit to MMC will also offer insight into the EMM market structure, a unique part of the global manganese industry. The facilities of MMC and Delta EMD are located directly adjacent to each other. 
DELTA EMD is a global supplier of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD), which is used as cathode material for the manufacture of primary alkaline batteries world-wide, and is Africa’s only producer of premium-quality EMD. Delta EMD Ltd is listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) Main Board. Delta has two production facilities namely: 
  • Black Rock Calcining plant for MnO– Based in the Northern Cape 
  • EMD plant and corporate head office – Based in Nelspruit, Mpumalanga
The Nelspruit plant has an installed capacity of 30 000 mt EMD produced at two independent production streams. This plant has a solid waste treatment plant that captures residue generated from the main EMD process for conversion into a co-product called Greenfill. Greenfill is used in road construction and as cover material at land fill sites. The calcining facility at Black Rock, is built on 11 hectares of land owned by Delta EMD and has a MnO production capacity in excess of 36 000 mt per annum. Its location is adjacent to one of the world’s largest and highest grade deposits of manganese with a number of manganese mining facilities being in close proximity to that plant. 
08-00-09:00  Transfer from Emnotweni Sun hotel in Nelspruit to MMC
09:00-09:45  Welcome coffee/tea. Presentation of MMC & Delta EMD Brief Company Overview
10:00-11:30  MMC Plant Tour
11:30-13:00  Delta Plant Tour
13:00-13:30  Lunch
13:45-15:00  Depart to Papas Quarry and/or Kingston Vale for View of Waste Disposal Facilities
15:00           Transfer to hotel or airport
Limited to 25 participants

Offer 4: Transalloys 

Monday, May 26th, 2014 (Tour begins in Johannesburg)
Transalloys Mn plant is situated 14 km west of eMalahleni and approximately 90 km east of Pretoria in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa. The plant is owned by Renova Mining Industries, a Russian company that invested in South Africa in 2007. Renova has a share in the UMK manganese mine situated in the Northern Cape, from where the manganese ore is sourced. 
The plant operates five submerged arc furnaces to produce Silicomanganese. These comprise two 48 MVA semi-closed furnaces and three 18 MVA open furnaces. Raw materials are fed from a common raw material handling system into three sets of day bins, from where the individual furnace charges are batched and conveyed into the furnace bins. Total production capacity is approximately 185 000 tonnes of Silicomanganese per annum. 
Transalloys is compliant to the ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 international Standards. Transalloys is also the owner of one of the first CDM (Carbon Reduction Mechanism) projects in South Africa. During the past 5 years, huge improvements in efficiencies gave rise to a considerable reduction in carbon emissions per tonne of product produced. 
08:00           Coach departs Hyatt Regency Johannesburg and travels to Transalloys, eMalahleni, Mpumalanga 
10:00-11:00  Visitors arrive at TA. Quick refreshments and a brief overview of the plant
11:00-12:30  Visitors don safety clothing and go for a site tour of our Furnaces 5, 6 and 7, the tapping hall area, as well as the finished product handling and
                   processing area 
12:30-14:00  Visitors return to Transalloys Main Building, and enjoy lunch with Transalloys Management 
14:00-16:00  Coach departs from Transalloys, and returns to Hyatt Regency Johannesburg.
A maximum of 25 guests can be accomodated

Offer 5: Durban Port & Bulk Connections

Tuesday, May 27th, 2014 (Tour begins in Durban) 

Bulk Connections is the only mineral bulk handling terminal in the Port of Durban and is currently handling 4.3 million tons of various products per year. Manganese throughput is in excess of 3.1 million tons per annum and has grown by 50% over the past two years. This is expected to climb still further as the rail system gears up and the terminal is about to install a new conveyor system that will increase the manganese handling capacity by a further million tons. 
Ore is received by both road and rail and both lumpy and fine product can be handled on either of the two loading systems. About 600 000 tons can be stored at any one time and two vessels can be loaded simultaneously on the berths. 

10:00         Arrive at Durban airport (flight to be arranged by each delegate). The meeting point will be at the airport.

10:30         Board coach and proceed to the Bulk Connections terminal

11:15         Arrive at the terminal after clearing security checks

11:20         Brief introduction and overview of the operation

11:30         Visit of the site

13:00         Lunch at the old whale slipway and WW2 gun emplacements (the harbour entrance)

14:30         Departure for airport

16:00         Arrival at the airport and check in for return flights

17:00         Flights depart (to be arranged by each delegate)

Limited to 40 participants

Offer 6: Metalloys Mn Alloy Plant and Mogale: *****REGISTRATON IS CLOSED FOR THIS TOUR*****

Tuesday, May 27th, 2014 (Tour begins in Johannesburg)
Metalloys Mn-alloy plant, which opened in 1951, is located in Meyerton, South of Johannesburg in the Midvaal Municipality, Gauteng. 
Metalloys is proud to be a safe, low energy alloy producer in a country where beneficiation is valued. The Metalloys Smelter has four furnaces and is one of the largest manganese smelters in the world, beneficiating approximately 500,000t per annum of high quality High Carbon Ferromanganese. The latest addition to its production units, M14, the first modern furnace built since 1978, was commissioned in December 2012. The M14 furnace expanded the production capacity of Metalloys by an additional 81 MVA. At almost R1 billion, the M14 project is the largest new investment in the Manganese industry in South Africa. 
Raw materials, apart from coke and quartzite, are supplied by operations within the BHP Billiton Group, high grade manganese ores are sourced from mines in the Kalahari. 
Metalloys’ commitment to beneficiation is further substantiated by secondary beneficiation in our Oxygen blowing converter that refines High Carbon Ferromanganese into a Medium Carbon Ferromanganese product. 
As an Environmentally responsible company, Metalloys has its own electricity co-generation plant on site that generates up to twenty percent of our energy requirement from off gasses from thesubmerged arc furnaces and gas cleaning plants. The new upgrade and expansion of the electricity generation plant enabled all four furnaces to contribute to energy recovery from off gasses. This plays a major role in reducing our energy demand from our electricity supplier. Metalloys further improves productivity through its Metal Recovery facility which recovers High Carbon Ferromanganese from slag through dense medium separation. 
Afarak’s Ferro Alloys business is located in southern Africa and consists of the Stellite chrome mine, the Mecklenburg mine and the Mogale Alloys processing plant in South Africa and the Waylox mine development project in Zimbabwe. 
Mogale Alloys was acquired by Afarak in 2009, providing it with access to the bulk minerals processing sector in South Africa. The acquisition marked a strategic step forward for Afarak by providingaccess to direct current (DC) furnace technology, which has been in operation at Mogale since 1983 and is considered to be a centre of excellence. DC furnace technology is approximately 20-30% more cost efficient than traditional furnace technology. 
Mogale Alloys operates four furnaces; two submerged arc furnaces and two DC furnaces, with a total production capacity of 110,000 tonnes per annum. These furnaces are capable of producing four key products: silico manganese, plasma ferrochrome, charge ferrochrome and stainless steel alloy (chromium-iron-nickel alloy). 


 is an employee-owned, multidisciplinary professional services firm that delivers a comprehensive array of technical and strategic services, including consulting, information technology, engineering, process development, and project and construction management to the Mining, Metallurgical, Energy, and Infrastructure sectors. Hatch has served clients for over six decades with corporate roots extending over 100 years and has project experience in more than 150 countries around the world. With over 11,000 people in over 65 offices, the firm has more than $35 billion in projects currently under management.

Hatch has a dedicated practice group that focuses on the manganese and ferroalloys business. Services provided ranged from technical engineering studies, business and market strategies to environmental and social consulting. Hatch has been the leading firm for the manganese industry for over decades and have been involved in numerous manganese projects all over the world and is a proud partner of the International Manganese Institute.


Transalloys produces Sillicomanganese for the world market. The plant is owned by Renova Mining Industries, a Russian company that invested in South Africa in 2007. Renova has also interests in UMK,     a manganese mine situated in the    Kalahari Region, from where the ore is sourced for the conversion to Silicomanganese at TA premises.

Our Vision is to become a benchmark in the Manganese alloy industry through our people, flexibility and pursuing results.

We aim to achieve this by adhering to our values of integrity, excellence, teamwork and commitment.

The standard grade Silicomanganese contains 16 to 18% of silicon, Min. 65 % of manganese Max. 2% of carbon, Max. 0.10% phosphorus and Max. 0.015% sulfur.
SiMn is used, inter alia as a grain refiner and for de-oxidation in the steel manufacturing process.

Production capacity is approximately 180’000 tons of Sillicomanganese per annum. This volume has increased dramatically during the past 4 years, as a result of a concerted effort by our employees to increase production efficiencies and commercial performance.

Tshipi Borwa Mine’s progress from awarding of prospecting rights (2006) to the commencement of mine construction (June 2011) has been exceptional demonstrating the Shareholder’s desire to create a new mining company. It took only 5 months period between board approval for mine construction and the commencement of the actual mine construction. The mine exported approximately 1 million tonnes of material in its first year of production and is currently ramping up to export in excess of 2 million tonnes in its second year of production.

The Tshipi Borwa mine has a 163 million tonnes resource base at 37.1% Mn content, with low iron, sulphur and phosphorus; all of which can be mined by open pit. The current manganese ore export is maintained at a grade in excess of 36% Mn content to optimise ore resource and to align and maintain consistency with medium carbonate manganese industry grade.

The mine has been designed to produce 2.4 million tonnes annually for over 60 years and being an open pit mine; its production capacity can be easily increased.

Tshipi Borwa Mine as a responsible corporate citizen has developed a comprehensive Social and Labour Plan, which will serve to assist in the development of the local communities. In addition, Tshipi developed a local economic development strategy, which will be used throughout the project phase and period after the completion of the project, to ensure Tshipi’s continued commitment to ensure local economic participation.

The key Safety, Health, Environmental and Community (SHEC) performance indicator is to achieve ZERO HARM within all processes of Tshipi Borwa Mine.


United Manganese of Kalahari (Pty) Ltd is a Manganese mine operating on the Kalagadi Manganese Field in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality, in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.  UMK is a 51:49% joint venture between Majestic Silver Trading 40 (Pty) Ltd and Renova Manganese Investments Limited.  Majestic Silver Trading is a majority black-owned Broad Based Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) business entity and through this ownership, UMK also qualifies as a majority black-owned business.  Renova Manganese Investments Limited is a subsidiary of the Russian based Renova Group of Companies.


With an annual throughput of 3.5 millions tons per annum,  makes UMK the second largest manganese ore producer in the world.  UMK currently employs one hundred and thirty full time staff and over 500 contractors.



3E Renewable Energy Services (Pty) Ltd., African Rainbow Minerals, Afrominerals Trading AG, Almenta 207 (Pty) Ltd, AMCI DCM Resources GmbH, ArcelorMittal, Asia Minerals Ltd., Aveks AS, BHP Billiton, Cahya Mata Sarawak Berhad, Camelot Resources AG, Chancellor House Holdings (Pty) Ltd., China Blue Investment Management Co., Ltd, China Steel Corporation, Chinalight Resources Imp. & Exp. Corp., Chuo Denki Kogyo Co., Ltd, CITIC Dameng Mining Industries Limited, Compania Mineral Aultan, SAB de CV, Consolidated Minerals Ltd., CREC Material Co., Ltd, CRU, Diacomm Alloys Ltd., Distribucion de Polishing Refractarios y Ceramica S.L., ENRC Manganese (Pty) Ltd., ENRC Marketing AG, Erachem, Eramet Comilog Manganese, Eskom, Frontier Advisory, Galmet S.p.A., Glencore International AG, Globe Metals and Mining Ltd., Gmining Services, Goodearth, Grupo Ferroatlantica S.A.U., Hatch, Hatch Goba (Pty) Ltd, Henan Fangyuan Carbon Group, IESE Business School, Inter Alloys, S.L., IPM Commodities Pvt. Ltd., Italiana Prodotti Minerali Srl, Japan Ferroalloy Association, JFE Shoji Trade Coporation, Kalagadi Manganese (Pty) Ltd, Kalagadi Manganese (Pty) Ltd, Kalahari Trading AG, Kimpe SAS, Kudumane Manganese Resources, L&M Handels AG, L.M.T. SA, Manganese Metal Company, Marubeni Corporation Johannesburg Branch Office, Marubeni Tetsugen Co., Ltd., McKinsey & Company, Metmar Limited, Minerais US, Ministry of Steel, Government of India, Mitsui & Co., Ltd, Mitsui & Co. Europe, Mizushima Ferroalloy Co., Ltd., MOIL Limited, Navodaya Trading DMCC, Nippon Denko Co., Ltd, Noble Resources, Ntsimbintle Mining (Pty) Ltd., OFZ a.s., OM Materials(s) Pte Ltd, OM Tshipi, Ore & Metal Company Limited, Oswal Minerals Limited, Platts, Prince Minerals Inc., Prince Minerals Ltd., Procesadora Industrial Rio Seco SA, Quintal, Rand Merchant Bank (a division of First Rand Bank Ltd), Raw & Refined Commodities AG, Reshmika Minerals and Chemicals Pvt Ltd., Reunion Gold Corporation, Ronly Limited, SAC Co., Ltd., Safmarine, Samancor Manganese (Pty) Ltd, Satka Investment Holding, LLC, Shanghai Qunxian International Trade Co. Ltd., SHPZ Trade, LLC, Simpac Metalloy Co. Ltd., Sojitz Corporation, Standard Bank Group, Sumitomo Corporation, Takamul Investment Company SAOC, The Economist Intelligence Unit, ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions South Africa (Pty) Ltd, Tokyo Boeki Steel & Materials Ltd., Tosoh Corporation, Tosoh Hellas AIC, Tosoh Hyuga Corporation, Trade West Consulting, Transalloys, Transnet, Transnet Freight Rail, Transnet National Ports Authority, Transnet SOC Ltd., Traxys Europe S.A., Tshipi e Ntle Manganese Mining Pty Ltd, United Manganese of Kalahari (Pty) Ltd, U.S. Geological Survey, Vale, Vale International S.A., Wogen Pacific Ltd.



Title Date Format Download
Program 22/05/14 PDF » English
会议日程表(草稿) 20/05/14 PDF » 中文
Delegate List 20/05/14 PDF » English
Africa Today & Africa Tomorrow: Why Not So Far & Potential Development - Robert Ward, Editorial Director, The Economist Intelligence Unit 29/05/14 PDF » English
非洲的今天和明天:迄今仍未发展之因&发展潜力 - Robert Ward , 经济学人信息部编辑主任 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Role of Demographics in Africa's Economic Growth - Andy Andrews, Professor of Economics and Author 29/05/14 PDF » English
非洲经济和人口增长 - Andy Andrews , 经济学教授/作家 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Economic Development in Resource-Driven Countries - Fraser Thompson, Senior Fellow, McKinsey Global Institute 29/05/14 PDF » English
Is it BRIC or BRICS? Where is South Africa Today? - J.P. Landman, Political and Trend Analyst & Professor, author of The Long View 29/05/14 PDF » English
BRIC还是BRICS? 近日非洲之地位 - J.P. Landman , 政治/趋势分析师,教授,著有The Long View 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Indian Steel Sector - Opportunities for South African Manganese Industry - Lokesh Chandra, Joint Secretary to Govt. of India, Ministry of Steel 29/05/14 PDF » English
印度钢铁行业-南非锰行业之机遇 - Lokesh Chandra 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
A Steel Industry Overview with a Focus on Africa - Sunil Kumar, Chief Marketing Officer, ArcelorMittal 29/05/14 PDF » English
钢铁行业综述-聚焦非洲 - Sunil Kumar, ArcelorMittal首席营销官 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
The Outlook for South Africa’s Manganese Mining Sector - Hannah Edinger, Director, Frontier Advisory 29/05/14 PDF » English
The Outlook for South Africa’s Manganese Mining Sector - Hannah Edinger, Director, Frontier Advisory 29/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Port & Rail Developments in SA: Coega Project - Cleopatra Shiceka, General Manager, Office of the Chief Executive, Transnet 30/05/14 PDF » English
南非港口及铁路开发:库哈项目 - Cleopatra Shiceka, Transnet 总裁办公室总经理 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
CMM: SiMn & EMM Plants in Gabon - Patrice L'Huillier, Chief Operations Officer, Eramet Comilog Manganese 30/05/14 PDF » English
康密劳: 加蓬硅锰及金属锰项目 - Patrick L'Huilier,埃赫曼康密劳锰事业部首席运营官 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Sakura Ferroalloys Project - Tiaan van Aswegen, Executive Director, Assmang 30/05/14 PDF » English
Sakura合金项目 - Tiaan van Aswegen, 阿斯芒,执行董事 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Is Mn Reprotoxic? A Research Project - Doreen McGough, OHES Manager, IMnI 30/05/14 PDF » English
锰是否含毒?-一个研究项目 - Doreen McGough, 国际锰协职业健康,环境与安全部经理 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
IMnI's Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Project - Mohammed Ali, Regional Director - Environmental Services Group, Hatch Ltd. 30/05/14 PDF » English
国际锰协生命周期评估(LCA)项目 - Mohammed Ali,赫氏集团环境服务团队区域总监 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Overview of the Manganese Industry - Alberto Saavedra, Market Research Manager, IMnI 30/05/14 PDF » English
锰产业综述 - Alberto Saavedra,国际锰协市场研究经理 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Energy: A World View - Dylan Theunissen, Renewable Energy and Grid Engineer, 3E 30/05/14 PDF » English
能源: 全球概览 - DylanTheunissen,3E公司可再生能源与电网工程师 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
China’s Investment Strategies in Africa - Walter de Wet, Head of Commodity Research, Standard Bank Group 30/05/14 PDF » English
中国在非洲的投资战略 -Walter de Wet, 标准银行集团商品研究部主管 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Manganese Industry – Outlook and Opportunities - Elsabe Muller, General Manager Marketing, Manganese, BHP Billiton 30/05/14 PDF » English
锰行业-展望与机遇 - Elsabe Muller, BHP Billiton锰业营销总监 30/05/14 PDF » Chinese
Nelson Mandela Bay Ports - Catalyst for Economic Growth in the Eastern Cape - Transnet 26/06/14 PDF » Download
Polling Results 30/05/14 PDF » Download

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