Cape Town, South Africa

June 2021 – Exact date to be advised

We know that you are directly or indirectly affected by the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) in both your professional and personal lives. We fully share your concerns about public health & safety and economic challenges during this uncertain time.

As more information has become available regarding the spread of the virus and further restrictions on travel and quarantine protocols in certain countries, the IMnI has decided the best course of action to ensure the safety of all our Members and conference delegates is to postpone its 46th Annual Conference, originally scheduled for June 2020. For your convenience, this event will be held at the beginning of June 2021, in Cape Town.

To ensure business continuity and maintain uninterrupted service, the IMnI team works remotely from their home. While travels and social interactions have been halted, Market Research reports and HSE & Regulatory Affairs newsletter will be published as usual.

We are here for you both personally and professionally. Please continue to take all necessary precautions to ensure the health and safety of yourselves and your loved ones.

We do look forward to seeing you under better circumstances.

Esteban Rivero

IMnI Chairman

Alex Puissant, a Brussels journalist, is a prominent international conference facilitator. As a foreign correspondent, editor and news anchorman, he has ensured television news coverage, including live comments and interviews, from around Europe and the USA. As a an independent conference moderator, he has chaired hundreds of sessions and panel discussions with speakers as diverse as Vaclav Havel, Margaret Thatcher, and Bill Gates. He has worked for global corporations and associations as well as European Union institutions and the United Nations Organization in New York. Alex Puissant, a graduate of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in the City of New York, is the author of “The press, a voice on behalf of the citizen?” on social responsibility of the media, published on behalf of the King Baudouin Foundation.
  • Goolam Ballim

    Goolam is the chief economist and head of research for the Standard Bank Group. The bank’s commercial emphasis is on Africa and the research unit is aligned to this pursuit. Standard Bank Research comprises 53 analysts and 10 support staff, variously located in Johannesburg, Nairobi, Lagos, London and Beijing.   Goolam and his team consistently earn accolades for macroeconomic, political, sectoral and financial markets research. The team has been rated the Best Research House in South Africa for the past 4 years in the coveted Financial Mail Ranking the Analysts survey.   Goolam’s interest spans politics, the macroeconomy and financial markets, and he regularly engages in public dialogue on national and continental issues across the globe.

  • John Bell

    S.H. Bell Company was founded in 1933, and is currently owned and operated by the third and fourth generation Bell family. Headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, the Company provides handling, warehousing (regular, LME, and CME), processing, packaging, and transportation services at five warehouse locations in five States serving the North American market. The Company and its subsidiaries presently handle over 80 different products  - including ferroalloys, non-ferrous metals, pig iron, scrap metals, frac sand, and industrial minerals used in a wide spectrum of steel, metals, oil/gas/energy, and related industries. John Bell has been associated with the business for his entire life. During summers while in high school, his first job with the Company involved sweeping the warehouse floors. Mr. Bell holds an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia, and later received an MBA from the University of Pittsburgh. Mr. Bell started with the business “full time” in 1973, was appointed Vice President – Sales & Marketing in 1978, and took over as President in 1985 . . . where he continues in that position today.

  • Kevin Fowkes

    Has 21 years’ experience working as an economist and consultant in the Ferroalloy Industry. From 2007 to 2009, Kevin Fowkes was a Business Development Manager in the Metals Division of Privat Group. Before that he was the Senior Market Analyst for the Norwegian ferroalloy group Elkem, and a consultant for Hatch Beddows and CRU International. Since 2009, Kevin has run AlloyConsult, his own company, which provides bespoke consulting services to the ferroalloy industry. Kevin Fowkes is a graduate of the London School of Economics.

  • Gajanan U. Kapure

    Mr. Kapure is a Head of Ferro alloys and minerals research group at R&D department of Tata Steel, India. He is a chemical engineering graduate and did his post-graduation in chemical engineering – Master of Science by research from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi. He is working in the area of Ferro Alloys and Minerals from last 17 years at Tata Steel. His research interests are Ferro alloys extraction processes, mineral processing, Process engineering, smelt reduction and alternate processes. Mr. Kapure has more than 20 research papers in national and international journals as author and 25 national and international patents and one National Award from department of scientific and industrial research, government of India to his credit

  • Sebastian Kreft

    Dr. Sebastian Kreft is Co-Founder and Managing Director of Metalshub, a Germany based commoditech company with the vision to make ferroalloy and metal trading more efficient. Previously he was Head of Nickel Sales for the leading mining company Anglo American where he was responsible for marketing ferronickel and nickel cathodes and served on the LME Nickel Committee. Sebastian started his career with The Boston Consulting Group, where he led transformational commercial projects in the mining industry across the globe for over 7 years. He holds a Master degree in business and economics and a PhD from WHU, Otto Beisheim Graduate School of Management. Sebastian is married and has a son and a daughter.

  • Navesh Ragoonanthun

    Navesh started his career as a mining engineer at AngloGold Ashanti and thereafter at Rio Tinto, serving in various roles in underground and open pit production as well as mine design. Later, Navesh spent 10 years as a seasoned management consultant having worked at Bain & Co and Deloitte Consulting as an Associate Director serving the mining industry. Navesh joined Transnet in March 2017 with the objective of connecting mining companies to the global platform through efficient rail and port solutions. He currently leads the portfolios of Iron ore and Manganese for Transnet. During this tenure, Navesh and his team have concluded formal contracts with all major manganese producers and implemented tools and systems for effective contract management. Supported by the business, manganese has become an important commodity for Transnet due to its remarkable year on year growth. Navesh has a Mining Engineering degree from the University of the Witwatersrand, MBA from the University of Stellenbosch, and a Post Graduate Management Diploma from INSEAD in France.

  • Bingbing Song

    International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Mr Song is the Secretary for the Sub-Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers (CCC), which is the key international body, dealing with cargo related issues including solid bulk cargoes (International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code), bulk gas cargoes, dangerous goods, and containers. Mr Song is also dealing with maritime regulations related to alternative fuels, under the framework of the International Code of Safety for Ship Using Gases or Other Low-flashpoint Fuels (IGF Code), in particular with the implementation of IMO 2020 sulphur limit (1 January 2020 entry into force of the new global sulphur limit of 0.5 per cent for ships’ fuel oil).

  • Maxime Vandersmissen

    Maxime Vandersmissen is an Associate Partner with McKinsey & Company in Brussels. Maxime focuses on serving companies in the metals industries. Over the past 9 years he has led engagements in the Metals value chain, working in more than 15 countries across all continents. Maxime co-leads McKinsey's Basic Materials practice in Europe, where he also co-leads McKinsey’s Digital in Metals service line   Examples of recent work include - Leading multiple comprehensive operational transformation programs in the steel industry, incl. Asset footprint choices, technical improvement levers, labor productivity improvement and optimisation of raw material sourcing. - Leading the digital transformation of several players in the metals industry, across multiple geographies, through the development of more than 100 digital use cases and the set-up of a Digital Academy. - Developing raw material value-in-use optimization tools (scrap, iron ore, coal, alloys) for steelmaking groups around the world.   Education Maxime holds a masters in Metallurgy and a bachelor’s in Chemical Technology and Materials Science, both from the University of Ghent, in Belgium.

  • Steven Vercammen

    Steven Vercammen is a knowledge expert in McKinsey & Company’s Belgium Office.  Since he joined in 2004, he has worked on steel and steel value chain related projects (carbon and stainless steel). Whilst early on focusing on operational improvement, market analysis (supply/demand) and technical benchmarking, in recent years Steven has specialized in sustainability topics related to the steel industry. As part of the global steel industry dynamics knowledge, Steven is the global expert on steel metallics dynamics covering scrap supply, demand and pricing evolution and decarbonization. In addition, Steven is global research leader for steel and metals in general, responsible for proprietary knowledge assets linked to cost curves, demand, supply, capital markets and overall market dynamics. Some of Steven’s recent metallics an decarbonisation experiences include: Author of 2 “China scrap” with papers covering 10-15 year outlook of China steel industry and the importance of scrap (industry structure, scrap availability and profitability) within the Chinese restructuring efforts to reduce steel capacity and shift from BOF to EAF. China scrap-recycling industry overview: industry size and structure, performance and profitability and the effect of scrap prices on supply with deep-dive on scrap pricing mechanisms and minimum price levels. Country specific scrap availability dynamics and future dependence on import: Top down assessment of future steel demand and production and the countries scrap needs combined with local availability and recycling efficiency. EAF bottom up cost modelling for NAFTA region assessing the operational practices and VIU considerations for different metallic inputs as main cost driver for profitability assessment. Scrap strategy for integrated steelmaker in the America’s In depth analysis of short/long term future global metallics market (scrap/DRI) for steelmaking. Decarbonisation framework for the steel industry, pathways to a carbon neutral steel industry assessing operational cost and long term investment capex plans. Detailed modelling of carbon footprint for integrated steel mills covering scope 1, 2 and 3. Assessing the future mid to long term options for Europe’s carbon emission ambitions combining scrap optimization, biomass usage and alternative iron making technologies. Prior to joining McKinsey, Steven worked at the KU Leuven university as the “science engineering technology” group manager responsible for research strategy, educational programs and day to day management of all support functions. Steven has obtained a PhD in materials engineering (steel) from the KU Leuven and obtained engineering masters diploma from the university of Ghent in Belgium.

  • Robert Ward

    Robert Ward is Director of Geoeconomics & Strategy and Japan Chair at The International Institute for Strategic Studies, one of the world’s leading authorities on global security, political risk and conflict. Before joining the IISS in 2019, Robert was the Editorial Director at The Economist Intelligence Unit where he led the EIU’s country, industry and data analysis and forecasting teams. Robert joined the Economist Group in 1997. After graduating from Cambridge University in 1989, Robert went to Japan where he lived and worked until 1996. Robert also studied in the Soviet Union in 1986.

  • Rorie Wilson

    Rorie obtained his Honours Degree in Economics (International Trade and Finance) in 2004. After spending a year on a banking graduate programme, he joined the Standard Bank Group as part of the Investment banking and Investment Banking Coverage teams concentrating on Telecoms and Media across African and other emerging markets, with a key focus on M&A ,debt and financing options in various jurisdictions. In 2010, he worked in London for Standard Bank Plc in Investment Banking Coverage. In 2011, Rorie  joined Assore Limited (Assore) which is a mining holding company principally engaged in ventures involving base minerals and metals. He was appointed a Director of Ore & Metal in 2014 and also an alternate director for Assmang and Cato Ridge Alloys.

  • Ramsey Yavuz

    Ramsey joined Roskill in November 2019 primarily focusing on manganese, chromium and steel alloy research. From 2017 to 2019, Ramsey worked as a Management Consultant within the Strategy and Operations service line at Deloitte in Tbilisi, Georgia. In addition, he worked as a Mining Manager at TurkMangan in Ankara, Turkey. Ramsey graduated from Cass Business School with a MSc in International Accounting and Finance and a BSc in Business.

  • Aloys d’Harambure

    Aloys d’Harambure is the Executive Director of the International Manganese Institute, the Paris-based organisation representing the global manganese industry. Aloys joined the IMnI in 2014, as Market Research Manager, focusing on analysing the supply and demand fundamentals of the manganese business. He is a graduate from Montreal business school HEC, where he specialised in market intelligence. Prior to joining the IMnI, he was Business Analyst at the International Chromium Development Association (ICDA). Aloys is a regular speaker at metal and mineral industry events, and other conferences worldwide.

Assore is a mining holding company engaged principally in ventures involving base minerals and metals. The company was incorporated in 1950 and its shares are listed on the JSE Securities Exchange (JSE) under “Assore” in the general mining sector. The group’s principal investment is a 50% interest in Assmang Proprietary Limited (Assmang) which it controls jointly with African Rainbow Minerals Limited (ARM). The group, through its various joint-venture entities and subsidiary companies, is involved in the mining of iron, manganese and chrome ores together with other industrial minerals and the production of manganese alloys. The group is also responsible for marketing all products produced by the Assore and Assmang groups, the bulk of which is exported and the remainder either used in the group’s beneficiation processes or sold locally.
Autlán is a Mexican company engaged in MANGANESE, ENERGY and PRECIOUS METALS.  The company was founded in 1953 and has been recognized as a reliable supplier because
 of its high-quality products and commercial service.  With regard to manganese, Autlán is the largest producer of manganese ferroalloys in the Americas and is the most important producer of manganese ore in North and Central America. Autlán is focused on fulfilling the manganese needs from the steel industry as well as the specialized manganese requirements from the dry battery, ceramic and micro nutrient producers. The company owns three manganese mining units and three ferroalloy plants.
Kudumane Manganese Resources (KMR) is one of South Africa’s newest black-controlled manganese mining company in the country. Mining operations take place in Hotazel, and the management office is based in Melrose Arch, Johannesburg. The mine was officially launched in May 2012 and manganese was reached by December of that year. KMR is mining at its York and Hotazel farms. Current production volumes are about 1.8 million to 2 million tons per annum. The company’s rail siding became operational in January of 2015, and by September 2015, KMR received rail capacity from Transnet as part of the rail operator’s MECA initiative. Cargo is predominantly exported through Port Elizabeth and Saldanha Bay, though KMR has shipped cargo through most ports in South Africa which Transnet has activated for manganese export.
South32 is a globally diversified mining and metals company.  We produce bauxite, alumina, aluminium, energy and metallurgical coal, manganese, nickel, silver, lead and zinc at our operations in Australia, Southern Africa and South America. We are also the owner of a high-grade zinc, lead and silver development option in North America and have several partnerships with junior explorers with a focus on base metals. Our purpose is to make a difference by developing natural resources, improving people’s lives now and for generations to come, and to be trusted by our owners and partners to realise the potential of their resources.
Transalloys is a well-recognized supplier of silicomanganese globally, and the only silicomanganese producer in South Africa. The production plant is situated 14 km west of eMalahleni (Witbank) and approximately 90 km east of Pretoria, in the Mpumalanga Province. Manganese ore used in the production process comes from the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, which is known to contain 75% of the world’s identified manganese ore reserves.   The company was established in 2007 when the Renova Group, a Russian diversified investment holding, acquired the plant. Under Renova’s strategic leadership and as a result of the concerted effort by the Transalloys’ management team and the employees, the productivity and output of the plant were increased by 50% without the addition of any additional smelting capacity. The plant has the capacity to produce approximately 180 000 tonnes of silicomanganese per annum. In 2018 Renova divested 51% of its interest in Transalloys to Israeli and Swiss investors.   The plant itself dates back to the mid-1960’s when the first two furnaces were built. Currently, there are 5 submerged arc furnaces, with capacity ranging between 22 and 48 MVA. Transalloys is currently in the process of constructing a UHT oxygen blown converter, which is scheduled to come into operation in Q1 of 2020. Once in operation, one of the SiMn furnaces will be converted to HCFeMn production, as feedstock to the converter for conversion to MCFeMn.   The standard grade silicomanganese contains a minimum of 16.5% of silicon, 65 to 67% of manganese and a maximum of 2% carbon.
Introduction Tshipi é Ntle Manganese Mining Proprietary Limited is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language. Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally. Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body with a currently confirmed life of mine reserve of approximately 30 years.     History Ntsimbintle Mining, a B-BBEE company, was formed in 2004 to pursue exploration and mining opportunities emerging in the South African manganese sector and successfully applied for prospecting rights in 2004, in an area between Kathu and Hotazel, in the Northern Cape. These rights were held in Ntsimbintle’s subsidiary company, namely Tshipi é Ntle Manganese Mining (Pty) Limited. Initial prospecting activities commenced in 2006. Eventually Pallinghurst Resources and OM Holdings acquired a stake in Tshipi. The Tshipi mining right application was approved in 2010 and after a 20-month construction and commissioning phase, Tshipi Borwa Mine railed and exported its first manganese ore.   Our Shareholders Tshipi’s success depends largely on its unique management style and group of shareholders who possess a wealth of technical, commercial and marketing experience in the mining industry, and have uniquely positioned the Company to take full advantage of its available resources in order to become the largest exporter of manganese ore in South Africa today. These shareholders today include Luxembourg registered, Jupiter Kalahari S.A. (JKSA) (49.9%) and South African registered, Ntsimbintle Mining Limited (50.1%) JKSA is 100% owned by, Australian registered Jupiter Mines Limited, listed on the ASX. Ntsimbintle Mining Limited is held by Bermuda registered OM Holdings Limited (26%), listed on the ASX, and South African registered Ntsimbintle Holdings (Pty) Limited (74%).   Operations Tshipi Borwa mine is a shallow open-cast mine with an integrated ore processing plant located in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF) which is a 400 square kilometer deposit in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The mine is located on the southern extremity of the KMF, northwest of Kathu and south of Hotazel.   Management Tshipi has managed to attract a group of experienced managers who are all experts in their respective fields to navigate the business from the historic project development to current operational phase. Our strong sense of technical and commercial expertise has enabled us to build a reliable brand and strong customer base which continues to grow as we position ourselves to benefit from the ongoing demand for manganese ore across Asia and the rest of the world.     Governance The pillars of our corporate governance are transparency, integrity, accountability and participation which guides us in managing our business, dealing with our people and establishing relationships with our stakeholders. we have put in place robust governance structures that enables a legal and governance compliance system that are closely aligned with the approach taken by the King IV Report on corporate governance.   Marketing Marketing of the manganese ore, mined by Tshipi, is dealt with by Tshipi’s three key shareholders, each having access to a prior agreed percentage of the available ore product, spread over the period of a particular financial year.   Logistics The first shipment of manganese ore was exported via Transnet’s Port Elizabeth Bulk Ore Terminal during December 2012, 13 months after the mining operations at the Tshipi Borwa mine, in the Northern Cape, commenced in November 2011. We make use of both Transnet Freight Rail’s rail network as well as road transport to transport our products to different ports being Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town and we envisage to eventually export manganese ore from the deep-water port of Ngqura in the Eastern Cape.   Closing Our business approach is to take advantage of our experienced and well-informed shareholders, a world class manganese ore deposit, a state of the art processing facility, a world class private siding and rapid load-out station, best of breed financial and corporate governance systems and a very dynamic team in order to maximise the economic value of the business for the benefit of our shareholders. We are committed to building and maintaining constructive, long-standing relationships with our stakeholders in contributing to sustainable economic and social development within the communities where we operate.
United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Kalahari manganese fields are regarded as the largest manganese ore deposit globally. Established in 2005, UMK is 51% black owned and is the 4th largest manganese exporter in South Africa. In 2018 the mineral resources were estimated at 607mt with 200mt in measured and indicated categories.  Mineral Reserves for Open Pit Mining are estimated at 112mt that provides a life of Open Pit Mine of more than 30 years.
Assmang - Black Rock Mine Operations (BRMO) is one of two underground manganese ore mine operations in South Africa, mining both oxide and semi-carbonate ores.   Mining operations began in 1940, at the Black Rock hillock, and subsequently expanded to the Nchwaning mines and  Gloria mine in the Northern Cape. Gloria (commissioned in 1975) and producing medium grade semi-carbonate ore. Nchwaning 2 and Nchwaning 3 (commissioned in 1981 and 2004 respectively) and producing various grades of high grade oxide ore. BRMO is currently producing 4 million tons per annum, the majority of which is exported. Assmang’s well-established cooperation with Transnet in terms of the railway and port networks, makes it one of the most distinguished exporters in the world. Cargo is predominantly railed to Port Elizabeth and Saldanha Bay for export.   IMnI visitors will see the following:  
  • Underground mining operations of Nchwaning 3, part of the Nchwaning Mine
  • Underground mining operations of Gloria mine
Kalagadi mine & sinter plant  The Kalagadi Manganese Mine is situated West of Hotazel, off the R31 Road, Northern Cape. The mine is constituted out of three contiguous farms namely, Umtu 281, Olive Pan 282 and Gama 283, making a total area of 6300ha. It is a mechanised trackless board and pillar mine. This mine complex comprises the shaft complex, the ore preparation plant, sinter plant and bulk infrastructure. The mine has the capacity to produce 3million tonnes of manganese ore at a grade of 36-38% manganese and sinter at a grade of 44% - 48%.   Infrastructure Key buildings on the mine complex above the shafts which serve mining operations and underground plant are: Administration building, substations, workshops, refuge bays, conveyor belts, water pumps, winder gear, etc. The mine shaft winder house (machinery control room) containing cables, sinter plant / furnace, ore preparation plant, explosive storage, railway operations (the mine has 23km of its own track), power line of 132kV (property of Eskom) / substation of 40MVA, administration office building, 9 x 800KW Generators, multiple transformers, staff canteen, 2 x 60000L diesel tanks, water reservoir of 17 million liters, a maintenance workshops, sprinkler pump house, the staff accommodation and canteen block and the main security office at the front gate. The Underground Mine The shaft complex consists of two vertical shafts, the main shaft and the ventilation shaft. The main shaft is 9m in diameter, reaching a depth of 350m below surface. The ventilation shaft is 6m in diameter, reaching a depth of 317m. The two shafts are joined at the production level (281m) and the loading level (317m). The shallow depth means that there is lower seismic risk and lower rock temperatures that do not require refrigerated ventilation.   The main function of the shaft is the hoisting of workers, material and ore. The ventilation shaft is used for return ventilation and serves as an emergency exit. Ore Processing Plant The ore is processed through the ore preparation plant preparing the feed for the sinter plant. The ore is fed from the Ore Preparation plant through conveyor belts.   Sinter Plant (the largest Mn sintering plant in the world) Kalagadi beneficiate the ore to produce 2.4 million tonnes of sintered manganese at a grade of 44-48% manganese. The difference between the sintered output tonnage and the 3 million tons of ROM ore is essentially the CO2 and moisture that is driven off from the Manganese Ore, which upgrades the Manganese content of the Ore.   Kalagadi sells its sinter product on both the South African and International market.   Roads and the Railway load out station The site has a constructed 9.5km access road linking to the R31 main road, a Rapid Rail Load Out station and an electrified rail spur to ensure the efficient loading of bulk load trains and access to the main Hotazel Port Elizabeth Rail Corridor.   Other infrastructure,   The mine has a 2 x 132kV Power Line from Sishen to the Umtu Complex and the Sub-station, and an 11km water pipeline to the Sishen / Blackrock / Sedibeng water supply line. We have a 6km rolled out fibre network.   The mine started production of the Manganese Ore in March 2018 with the plant being operated 24/7 throughout the week, with written permission to operate on Sundays. It is capacitated through a team of 643 employees from the contract miner and 323 Kalagadi permanent staff members.
Kudumane Manganese Resources (KMR) is one of South Africa’s newest black-controlled manganese mining company in the country. Mining operations take place in Hotazel, and the management office is based in Melrose Arch, Johannesburg. The mine was officially launched in May 2012 and manganese was reached by December of that year. KMR is mining at its York and Hotazel farms. Current production volumes are about 1.8 million to 2 million tons per annum. The company’s rail siding became operational in January of 2015, and by September 2015, KMR received rail capacity from Transnet as part of the rail operator’s MECA initiative. Cargo is predominantly exported through Port Elizabeth and Saldanha Bay, though KMR has shipped cargo through most ports in South Africa which Transnet has activated for manganese export.   IMnI visitors will see the following:
  • Internal rail and automated rapid LOAD-OUT Station infrastructure where Transnet wagons and road haul trucks are loaded
  • Crushing of the ROM ore.
  • The open pit mine operations
Mamatwan Mine is part of the Hotazel Manganese Mines consortium operated by South32. Our purpose is to make a difference by developing natural resources, improving people’s lives now and for generations to come. We are trusted by our owners and partners to realise the potential of their resources.   The open-cut Mamatwn mine started operating more than half a centure ago, with the underground Wessels mine following a few years later. Mamatwan mine is a surface operation using the terrace mining method.   The ore is beneficiated using:
  • Dense Medium Separation
  • Sinter process
Manganese Metal Company (MMC) produces the purest (99.9%) form of manganese metal available in the world today. We are the world’s most experienced, largest and most reliable supplier of selenium-free electrolytic manganese metal (ElMn). We are a proudly South African owned company and the only producer of ElMn in South Africa and one of only two outside China.   Long-term relationships, high quality products and reliability of supply are pivotal to our success, along with our one-on-one relationships directly with end customers in diverse industries. Our experienced marketing team, dedicated to customer service, offers a full logistics function, stock in warehouses close to markets and technical support.   MMC is set for long term sustainability in terms of access to raw materials, process technology and HSE (Health, Safety and Environmental) compliance. With more demand on resources worldwide and growth in the production of electrolytic manganese, we are proud to remain the world’s most reliable supplier of the highest quality manganese in the industry.   More than 90% of sales is exported by MMC’s in-house marketing and logistics team, to a customer base spanning more than 110 active customers in 23 countries.  A visit to MMC will also offer insight into the EMM market structure, a unique part of the global manganese industry.
Transalloys is a well-recognized supplier of silicomanganese globally, and the only silicomanganese producer in South Africa. The production plant is situated 14 km west of eMalahleni (Witbank) and approximately 90 km east of Pretoria, in the Mpumalanga Province. Manganese ore used in the production process comes from the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, which is known to contain 75% of the world’s identified manganese ore reserves.     The company was established in 2007 when the Renova Group, a Russian diversified investment holding, acquired the plant. Under Renova’s strategic leadership and as a result of the concerted effort by the Transalloys’ management team and the employees, the productivity and output of the plant were increased by 50% without the addition of any additional smelting capacity. The plant has the capacity to produce approximately 180 000 tonnes of silicomanganese per annum. In 2018 Renova divested 51% of its interest in Transalloys to Israeli and Swiss investors.     The plant itself dates back to the mid-1960’s when the first two furnaces were built. Currently, there are 5 submerged arc furnaces, with capacity ranging between 22 and 48 MVA. Transalloys is currently in the process of constructing a UHT oxygen blown converter, which is scheduled to come into operation in Q1 of 2020. Once in operation, one of the SiMn furnaces will be converted to HCFeMn production, as feedstock to the converter for conversion to MCFeMn.     The standard grade silicomanganese contains a minimum of 16.5% of silicon, 65 to 67% of manganese and a maximum of 2% carbon.
Port of Ngqura   The latest development in the TNPA stables of ports, the Port of Ngqura is located on the east coast of South Africa, 20 kilometres north east of Port Elizabeth and midway between Durban and Cape Town. Officially launched on 16 March 2012; the Port of Ngqura is a world-class, dedicated and preferred deep-water transshipment hub for the sub-Saharan. The Ngqura Container Terminal celebrated its 10 year anniversary in October 2019.   Africa region with the design capacity of 2,000,000 TEUs. The Port offers an integrated, efficient and competitive port service for containers in transit to global markets within the region. The Port has a 4-berth Container Terminal which is equipped with world-class infrastructure, 1-berth Multipurpose Terminal, Liquid Bulk Terminal and the Manganese Terminal.   The construction of the Manganese loading facility that will be supported by the required rail infrastructure will increase the capacity from the 6Mtpa currently handled in the South African Port System to 22Mtpa, to accommodate the broad-based local mining growth, stemming from the global demand. Upon completion, this project will ultimately position South Africa as the global leading manganese ore exporter.   The Port of Ngqura is strategically positioned to accommodate and attract traffic which cannot access the Suez Canal due to size and other safety reasons. The port is also located within the proximity of the Coega Industrial Development Zone which provides an opportunity for product beneficiation. The design of the port was also governed by the site’s physical and environmental conditions. It is the only port in South Africa boasting an environmental authorisation Record of Decision (RoD) for its construction and operation, as well as an exceptional 0% non-compliance. Port Elizabeth   The Port of Port Elizabeth is a geographically well-positioned, customer-centric, multi-cargo port that prides itself on flexibility and service excellence. It is the gateway for expanding markets, and is not only linked with the rest of the world, but also has direct transport links into the heart of the African continent. Situated in Algoa Bay, on the south-eastern coast of Africa, midway between the Ports of Durban and Cape Town, the port has a container terminal, one of only five (Durban, East London, Ngqura, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town) in South Africa. Being a congestion free port allows it to maintain high cargo handling rates, fast and efficient ship turnaround and unparalleled service levels. The port is equipped to handle Dry Bulk (Manganese Ore), Liquid Bulk, Automotives, General Cargo and Containerized cargo. Passenger ships usually make use of the Multipurpose Terminal berths and facilities when calling at the port.   Manganese Terminal The port exports 6 million tons of manganese ore per annum. This commodity has been exported through the port since 1976. The ore is transported to Port Elizabeth by rail from four mines near Hotazel in the country’s Northern Cape Province, and then exported to mainly India and China.  
The Tshipi mining right application was approved in 2010 and after a 20-month construction and commissioning phase, Tshipi Borwa Mine railed and exported its first manganese ore. Tshipi is an independently operated and managed, black empowered manganese ore producer. Tshipi é Ntle means “beautiful steel” in the local Tswana language. Tshipi is not only the largest single manganese mine and exporter from South Africa but is also one of the five largest manganese ore exporters globally. Based in the Kalahari Manganese Field (KMF), the largest manganese-bearing geological formation in the world, Tshipi Borwa Mine is a shallow open-cast operation developed on a large and homogenous ore body with a currently confirmed life of mine reserve of approximately 30 years. Tshipi has an established and efficient export infrastructure, including a 8km private rail siding loop, and one of the fastest load-out stations in the Kalahari region with direct access to the Transnet rail link and ports in South Africa. The mine operates through drill-and-blast and load-and-haul mining techniques. At the start of the mining process, the top soil is removed and stockpiled in a separate area for later use during the rehabilitation phase. The various layers of the Kalahari formation are removed, followed by the harder banded ironstone, dolomite and manganese layers which are part of the Hotazel formation. Once exposed, the manganese ore is drilled, blasted and loaded onto a truck and hauled to the Company’s primary crusher which forms part of the processing facilities. The Mine is operated in terms of a contractor-operator model, which has allowed it to become one of the lowest cost manganese ore exporters globally and a flexibly scaled production process in response to manganese ore price volatilities and market conditions.
United Manganese of Kalahari (UMK) is a South African company, mining manganese in the John Taolo Gaetsewe District Municipality in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Kalahari manganese fields are regarded as the largest manganese ore deposit globally. Established in 2005, UMK is 51% black owned and is the 4th largest manganese exporter in South Africa. In 2018 the mineral resources were estimated at 607mt with 200mt in measured and indicated categories.  Mineral Reserves for Open Pit Mining are estimated at 112mt that provides a life of Open Pit Mine of more than 30 years.
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